NYC C.L.A.S.H., Inc. v. City of New York, et al.
An association of smoking proponents challenged the constitutionality of tobacco control regulations in New York City that prohibit smoking in most indoor public places, including bars and restaurants. The Court found that the plaintiff had standing to bring the issue before the Court and that the issue was justiciable. The Court, however, granted the defendants' motion for summary judgment and disposed of the matter, finding that the regulations do not violate smokers' rights to association, assembly, speech, travel, equal protection, contract, or due process. The Court further held that the bans are not arbitrary but were rationally enacted based on scientific evidence to address legitimate state interests. (The attached copy of the court's decision was obtained from Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) (www.ash.org)).