Tobacco Control Laws - Legislation is a project of the International Legal Consortium of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids in Washington, D.C. The website allows users to search and download tobacco control laws from around the world. The website also provides legislative reviews and policy fact sheets to assess how tobacco control measures from a growing list of countries/jurisdictions compare to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) and its associated Guidelines in the areas of:
- Smoke Free Places
- Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship
- Tobacco Packaging and Labeling
- Cigarette Contents
- Sales Restrictions
- Heated Tobacco Products
Legislative reviews are the work of the lawyers at the International Legal Consortium in collaboration with in-country lawyers, wherever possible. The insight, skill, and knowledge of in-country lawyers greatly increase the likelihood of accurate legal interpretation.
- In order to ensure a high degree of consistency and accuracy in analyses across countries/jurisdictions, reviewers are provided with review templates and interpretation protocols. These are structured to take into account the legal provisions of the WHO FCTC and the WHO FCTC Guidelines to Articles 8, 9 and 10 (partial guidelines), 11, and 13, and various decisions of the WHO FCTC Conference of the Parties, as well as in-country legal systems.
- Reviewers consult all applicable national tobacco control enactments including legislation, regulations, decrees, resolutions, and any other enactments that have legal force and effect. In addition to tobacco control laws, these may include consumer laws, public health laws, criminal laws, transportation laws, and others.
- Reviewers use the legislative review templates and the interpretation protocols to make determinations about the degree to which the legislation complies with the WHO FCTC and aligns with its Guidelines.
- Virtually every determination of a legal measure’s regulatory status is accompanied by a legal analysis explaining the reasoning and interpretation used to arrive at the particular regulatory status code that was assigned. The analysis clearly states whether the law meets or aligns with the WHO FCTC and its Guidelines.
- Questions of legal interpretation are resolved collaboratively by in-country lawyers and the ILC’s lawyers. Because the ILC is housed within a non-governmental organization, legislative reviews and legislative policy fact sheets are developed independently from governments. Although we have posed questions to government officials if a policy is unclear, we have not submitted our data to each country/jurisdiction’s government for their review and/or approval.
- The completed review templates are then uploaded to the database.
- While every attempt is made to review all applicable laws and to partner with in-country lawyers, this is not always possible. Therefore, the legislative reviews may be incomplete and/or contain uncertain findings. In addition, legal provisions are often susceptible to more than one interpretation, giving rise to the possibility of interpretation error, especially where we do not have in-country lawyer assistance. If you have suggestions for updates to add, please send them to email@example.com.
- Tobacco Control Laws - Legislation does not currently contain sub-national legislation, which may vary from the national legal enactments that are analyzed here.
- Tobacco Control Laws - Legislation contains legislative reviews and legislative policy fact sheets based mostly on the letter of the law. Implementation of tobacco control legislation is not comprehensively considered.
- Tobacco Control Laws - Legislation updates are not made in real-time. Therefore, information contained on the website may sometimes be outdated. A "Last Updated" date is located at the top of each country/jurisdiction's Summary page. The "Last Updated" date is only changed when the legal analysis is modified.
- The reviews for the Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship policy area focus on whether a legislative measure does or does not align with the comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship as contemplated by WHO FCTC Article 13 and its Guidelines. A country/jurisdiction may not be in a position to undertake a comprehensive ban of all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship due to its constitution or constitutional principles. In general, an analysis of constitutional issues is beyond the scope of the reviews.
The website allows users to access an extensive and fully searchable database of tobacco control litigation decisions from courts around the world. The database contains decision texts, decision summaries, and legal concepts at issue in the litigation. Users access court decisions by performing word searches or by browsing countries/jurisdictions or litigation subject areas.
The website aims to capture a growing number of court decisions in any country/jurisdiction involving health policies related to tobacco and nicotine products. The website excludes personal injury cases – except for those involving secondhand smoke exposure, tobacco packaging or advertising using misleading descriptors such as “light” or “low” tar, or decisions citing to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
Litigation reviews are the work of the lawyers at the International Legal Consortium in collaboration with in-country lawyers, wherever possible.
- Reviewers consult several sources for case decisions including in-country lawyers, news and journal articles, tobacco industry public filings, and internal tobacco industry documents made public from U.S. litigation settlements, among others.
- Reviewers draft concise decision summaries and code the decisions to identify the type of litigation and the tobacco control topics and legal concepts at issue in the matters.
- Reviewers utilize review templates with concept descriptions to ensure consistent coding of case decisions.
- Tobacco Control Laws - Litigation is not an exhaustive source for all tobacco-related litigation. The International Legal Consortium constantly is learning about new decisions and adding them to the queue of matters to be reviewed and uploaded to the database. If you have suggestions for cases or updates to add, please send them to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- While we have attempted to find all substantive decisions in a matter, we cannot guarantee that the database contains the complete record of a case. For example, we cannot guarantee that an appellate court has not reversed a lower court decision located in the database.
- While we have attempted to ensure the accuracy of decision summaries and identification of legal concepts at issue in a decisions, the summaries and coding may contain inaccuracies. Accordingly, the summaries and coding should not be a substitute for reading the text of a decision.
- We have attempted to include decisions in languages other than English. In some instances, we have provided an unofficial English translation of the decision. In other instances, we provide only the original language text and an English language summary.