Philippine Tobacco Institute v. City of Balanga et al.
The Philippine Tobacco Institute ("PTI"), whose members include JTI and PMI, challenged a City of Balanga ordinance creating a tobacco-free generation, which prohibits the sale of tobacco products and e-cigarettes to any person born on or after January 1, 2000. The Regional Trial Court ruled in favor of PTI in July 2018, concluding that "any ordinance prohibiting PTI from selling to any person regardless of age is an unreasonable and oppressive interference of business." The court reasoned that the ordinance now covers individuals who have reached the age of majority and is not limited to minors. In addition, the court held that the ordinance violates substantive due process of those exercising parental authority since the ordinance attempted to extend criminal liability to parents.
The City’s appeal to the Court of Appeals was denied, as was a motion for reconsideration.