Federal Republic of Germany v. European Parliament

Germany sought to annul an EU directive that required Member States to ban tobacco advertising and sponsorship. The Court ruled in Germany's favor, concluding that the directive did not have the requisite intention to improve trade among the Member States as required under the EC Treaty. The directive did not improve trade, according to the Court, because it did not eliminate distortion of competition and obstacles to the free movement of goods and the freedom to provide services.