Tobacco Company A, et al. v. Federal Republic of Germany
Five tobacco companies challenged a tobacco control law that required the companies to print health warnings on tobacco products. In particular, the cigarette companies claimed that the health warning requirements violated their right to expression by requiring them to publish warnings that they considered misleading, as well as their rights to profession and property. The Second Senate held that the challenge was unfounded, finding that the regulation did not breach the companies' rights to expression because it was sufficiently clear that the health warnings were those of the Federal Government of Germany and not the opinion of the cigarette manufacturers. The Second Senate also found that the challenged law did not violate the companies' rights to profession and property.