Philip Morris Brasil S A v. Associação de Defesa da Saúde do Fumante (ADESF)

The Association for the Defense of the Health of Smokers (ADESF) brought an action against Philip Morris, a tobacco company, for failing to warn consumers of the State of State of São Paulo about the health risks of consuming tobacco products in the packaging and advertisement of the company's products. The lower court ordered the company to pay damages to all tobacco consumers in São Paulo for failure to warn them of the risk of addiction to tobacco consumption. The tobacco company appealed the decision and the higher court reversed the lower court's decision in favor of the tobacco company, holding that there had been a violation of due process of law, as the tobacco company had not been given the opportunity to present evidence proving that tobacco does not directly cause health problems.