Last updated: March 10, 2020
Duties / Penalties
The law imposes a duty on owners and managers to post prominent signs in both non-smoking areas and designated smoking areas. Ministerial Order No. 20/33 contains details about the size and content of the signs, as well as a template of the “no smoking” sign. However, no penalties are set out for violation of this duty.
To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should impose a duty upon the owner, manager, or other person in charge of the premises to post clear signs at entrances and other appropriate locations indicating that smoking is not permitted.
There is no duty imposed upon business owners, employers, or supervisors to remove ashtrays from the premises where smoking is prohibited. The ministerial order does, however, require that ashtrays or other receptacles be made available in designated smoking areas so that smokers can extinguish and dispose of their cigarettes.
To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should impose a duty upon the owner, manager, or other person in charge of the premises to remove ashtrays from the non-smoking areas.
Steps to require a person to stop smoking (e.g., warn, discontinue service, call authorities)
The law permits the owner or manager of an establishment to ask a person violating the law to stop smoking and to alert security if that person continues to smoke. However, there does not appear to be a duty to take these steps, nor are there penalties for failure to take these steps.
To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should impose a duty on a business owner, employer, or supervisor to take such steps, and provide appropriate penalties for non-compliance.
Not to smoke where prohibited
Individuals who smoke where prohibited are subject to a monetary fine of 10,000 to 50,000 Rwandan francs.
The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to imposing a duty on smokers not to smoke where prohibited.