Viet Nam became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on March 17, 2005.
Smoke Free Places: Smoking is banned in the entire indoor and outdoor premises of health facilities, educational facilities (other than universities, colleges, and academic institutes where smoking is prohibited indoors only), and childcare and entertainment areas designated for children. In other public places and workplaces, smoking is prohibited indoors, with the exception of airport waiting areas, bars, karaoke lounges, discos, hotels, and guesthouses, where designated smoking rooms are permitted.
Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship: Tobacco advertising and promotion is prohibited, with the exception of point of sale displays of tobacco products. Tobacco product displays are restricted to one pack, carton, or box of each cigarette brand. There are some restrictions on tobacco sponsorship and the publicity of such sponsorship.
Tobacco Packaging and Labeling: Rotating combined picture and text health warnings are required to cover 50 percent of the front and back of unit and outside packaging and labeling. The government is required to increase the size of warnings within a certain time period it deems “suitable”. Misleading terms and “forms” are prohibited on tobacco products; however, an exemption applies to terms that comprise brand names registered as intellectual property prior to the effective date of the 2012 Tobacco Control Law.
Roadmap to Tobacco Control Legislation: In 2000, the Government of Viet Nam introduced its National Tobacco Control Policy in Government Resolution No. 12/2000/NQ-CP. This resolution set out policy objectives on numerous aspects of tobacco control including, but not limited to: public education; prohibitions on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; health warnings; tax and price; smoking cessation; and restrictions on public smoking. To implement the National Tobacco Control Policy, the government issued a series of government decrees and prime ministerial directives that both provided substantive regulations and elaborated frameworks and plans for implementing the FCTC. Over the years, protections gradually expanded and in 2012, the National Assembly enacted the comprehensive Law on Prevention and Control of Tobacco Harms, which significantly strengthened tobacco control policy in Viet Nam. To date, implementing regulations for the 2012 law have been promulgated only for packaging and labeling requirements, the 2013 Joint Circular on the Labeling, Printing the Health Warnings on the Packet of Tobacco Products. Sanctions for most violations are provided in Government Decree No. 176/2013/NĐ-CP on Sanctions on Administrative Violations of Public Health and Decree No. 75/2010/ND-CP on Fining Violations in Cultural Sector. Decree No. 147/2013/ND-CP establishes the sanctions for violation of the ban on smoking in civil aircraft.
This country’s legal measures were reviewed by our legal staff in consultation with in-country lawyers or tobacco control experts.
Policy Fact Sheets
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