Last updated: August 15, 2022

Regulated Contents in Cigarettes

Regulatory Authority

Are contents and/or ingredients of cigarettes regulated?

Yes
Regulatory Authority

Ministry of Health

Analysis

Law No. 12-2012 authorizes the Minister of Health to regulate the contents and emissions of tobacco products. The Minister has exercised this authority by issuing Order No. 2853, which prohibits cigarettes with certain additives.

Are cigarette emissions regulated?

No
Regulatory Authority

Ministry of Health

Analysis

Law No. 12-2012 authorizes the Minister of Health to regulate the contents and emissions of tobacco products. However, the Minister has not yet issued regulations addressing emissions.

Status of Regulated Ingredients in Cigarettes

Sugars and sweeteners

Examples of sugars and sweeteners include: glucose, molasses, honey and sorbitol.

Allowed
Analysis

Currently, the law does not regulate the use of sugars and sweeteners in cigarettes.

Once in effect, Order No. 2853 will prohibit cigarettes with a characterizing flavor. Accordingly, sugars and sweeteners that produce a characterizing flavor will be prohibited. The law further states that it permits "additives necessary for the manufacture of tobacco, e.g., sugar to replace sugar lost during the curing process ... since these additives do not produce characterizing flavors and do not significantly or measurably increase the toxicity or addictiveness of the products."

Once in effect, the law will align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that it will regulate ingredients used to increase palatability such as sugars and sweeteners in cigarettes.

Menthol, mint or spearmint (including analogues and derivatives)

Allowed
Analysis

Currently, the law does not regulate the use of menthol, mint, or spearmint in cigarettes.

Once in effect, Order No. 2853 will prohibit cigarettes with a characterizing flavor. Accordingly, menthol, mint, and spearmint that produce a characterizing flavor will be prohibited.

Once in effect, the law will align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that it will regulate ingredients used to increase palatability such as menthol, mint, and spearmint in cigarettes.

Spices and herbs (excluding mint)

Examples include: cinnamon and ginger.

Allowed
Analysis

Currently, the law does not regulate the use of spices and herbs in cigarettes.

Once in effect, Order No. 2853 will prohibit cigarettes with a characterizing flavor. Accordingly, spices and herbs that produce a characterizing flavor will be prohibited.

Once in effect, the law will align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that it will regulate ingredients used to increase palatability such as spices and herbs in cigarettes.

Other flavorings (not covered above)

Includes fruit flavorings. Examples of flavoring substances include benzaldehyde, maltol and vanillin.

Allowed
Analysis

Currently, the law does not regulate the use of other flavorings (not covered above) in cigarettes.

Once in effect, Order No. 2853 will prohibit cigarettes with a characterizing flavor. Accordingly, other flavorings that produce a characterizing flavor will be prohibited.

Once in effect, the law will align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that it will regulate ingredients used to increase palatability such as other flavorings (not covered above) in cigarettes.

Ingredients that facilitate nicotine uptake

Examples include: ammonia.

Allowed
Analysis

The law does not regulate the use of ingredients that facilitate nicotine uptake. Therefore, the use of ingredients in cigarettes that facilitate nicotine uptake is allowed.

To further FCTC Arts. 5.2 and 9, the law or regulations should regulate ingredients that facilitate nicotine uptake, such as ammonia.

Ingredients which may create an impression of health benefits

Examples include: vitamins, such as vitamin C and vitamin E, fruit and vegetables (and products resulting from their processing such as fruit juices), amino acids, such as cysteine and tryptophan, and essential fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega-6.

Allowed
Analysis

Currently, the law does not regulate ingredients which may create an impression of health benefits.

Once in effect, Order No. 2853 will prohibit cigarettes with ingredients which may create an impression of health benefits or that the health risks are reduced.

Once in effect, the law will align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that it will prohibit the use of ingredients in cigarettes that may create an impression of health benefits.

Ingredients associated with energy and vitality

Examples include: caffeine, guarana, taurine and glucuronolactone.

Allowed
Analysis

Currently, the law does not regulate ingredients associated with energy and vitality.

Once in effect, Order No. 2853 will prohibit cigarettes with ingredients associated with energy and vitality such as caffeine and taurine.

Once in effect, the law will align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that it will prohibit the use of ingredients in cigarettes that are associated with energy and vitality.

Flavor capsules

Allowed
Analysis

Currently, the law does not regulate flavor capsules in cigarettes.

Once in effect, Order No. 2853 will prohibit flavor capsules in cigarettes.

Additives that have coloring properties for emissions

Allowed
Analysis

Currently, the law does not regulate additives that have coloring properties for emissions.

Once in effect, Order No. 2853 will prohibit additives that have coloring properties for emissions.

Characterizing flavors in components (filters, paper, packaging, capsules)

Allowed
Analysis

Currently, the law does not regulate characterizing flavors in components.

Once in effect, Order No. 2853 will prohibit characterizing flavors in components.

Technical features allowing modification of the taste or smell

Allowed
Analysis

Currently, the law does not regulate technical features allowing modification of the taste or smell.

Once in effect, Order No. 2853 will prohibit technical features allowing modification of the taste or smell.