Russia became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on September 1, 2008.
Smoke Free Places
There is a comprehensive ban on smoking in indoor workplaces, indoor public places, and public transport. The only exception to the ban is for long-distance passenger ships. Sub-national jurisdictions may enact more stringent laws than the national legislation.
Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship
All forms of domestic and cross-border tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship are prohibited, with extremely limited exceptions. The law restricts, but does not prohibit, promotional features that may appear on tobacco product packaging. All forms of financial or other tobacco sponsorship are prohibited.
Tobacco Packaging and Labeling
Russia implemented regulations requiring health warnings on 30 percent of the front and 50 percent of the back of the pack. Health warnings on the back of the pack are required to include pictures. Regulations allow misleading descriptors such as "light" and "low-tar," so long as the products contain a warning that such products are not less harmful to health.
Russia, as part of the Eurasian Economic Union, has adopted stricter regulations on tobacco product packaging and labeling, which will fully enter into force on November 15, 2017.
Cigarette Contents and Disclosures
The law regulates specified contents of cigarettes, including banning mint, some herbs, and other flavorings. Manufacturers and importers are required to disclose to government authorities information on the contents and emissions of their products.
The law prohibits the sale of tobacco products via vending machine and the internet, in sports facilities, healthcare facilities, cultural facilities, within 100 meters of educational facilities, and other specified locations. The law also prohibits the sale of single cigarettes, small packets of cigarettes, and naswar (a type of smokeless tobacco). The sale of tobacco products is prohibited to persons under the age of 18.
Roadmap to Tobacco Control Legislation
Federal Law No. 15-FZ of February 23, 2013 on Protecting the Health of Citizens from the Effects of Second Hand Tobacco Smoke and the Consequences of Tobacco Consumption is the primary law governing restrictions on smoking in public places and tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. The law repealed the previous omnibus legislation, Federal Law No. 87-FZ of July 10, 2001. Tobacco advertising and promotion are also regulated by Federal Law No. 38-FZ of March 13, 2006 on Advertising.
Federal Law No. 268-FZ of December 22, 2008 on Technical Regulations for Tobacco Products addresses many key tobacco control measures, including definitions of key terms; packaging and labeling of tobacco products; and compliance and enforcement. Under the Technical Regulations, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development issued Order No. 490N on May 5, 2012 mandating pictorial health warnings on the backs of tobacco product packaging. The Eurasian Economic Union, which consists of Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, adopted Technical Regulations for Tobacco Products. The pictorial health warnings required by the Technical Regulations must appear on all tobacco product packages for retail sale by November 15, 2017.
Several pieces of legislation supplement the smoke free provisions in Law No. 15-FZ. First, the Labour Code, Law No. 197-FZ of December 30, 2001 provides the definition of “workplace,” one of the places where smoking is restricted under Law No. 15-FZ. Second, the Administrative Offences Code, Law No. 195-FZ of December 30, 2001, identifies as offenses several violations of smoke free policies, establishes punishments for those violations, and designates the officials authorized to hear cases about these administrative offenses. The Code was amended in November 2013 to establish the penalties for violations of Federal Law No. 15-FZ on tobacco control. Third, the Code of Conduct in Correctional Facilities, Ministry of Justice Order No. 205 of November 3, 2005, governs smoking in correctional facilities. Fourth, Resolution No. 200 of March 18, 2014 amends several acts related to the adoption of Federal Law No. 15-FZ on tobacco control. Fifth, Letter No. 01/6906-14-25 on the Application of Provisions of the Federal Law on the Protection of Public Health from the Impact of Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke in Public Dining Establishments provides details about the application of the smoking ban in public dining facilities, specifically in outdoor areas that are considered part of the premises and in mobile public dining establishments. Finally, Ministry of Health Decree No. 214n prescribes the requirements for "No Smoking" signs and establishes the rules for their placement.
This country’s legal measures were reviewed by our legal staff in consultation with in-country lawyers or tobacco control experts.