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Last updated: September 18th 2019

Regulated Contents in Cigarettes

Regulatory Authority

Are contents and/or ingredients of cigarettes regulated?

Yes
Regulatory Authority:

Ministry of Health

Analysis

The Eurasian Economic Council Committee (EEC) Technical Regulations for Tobacco Products contain an annex with a list of ingredients that are prohibited in tobacco products manufactured or sold in the EEC.

Are cigarette emissions regulated?

Yes
Regulatory Authority:

Ministry of Health

Analysis

Under the Eurasian Economic Council Committee Technical Regulations for Tobacco Products, emissions may not exceed the following levels: 10 mg of tar per cigarette, 1.0 mg of nicotine per cigarette, and 10 mg of carbon monoxide per cigarette.

Status of Regulated Ingredients in Cigarettes

Sugars and sweeteners

Allowed

Examples of sugars and sweeteners include: glucose, molasses, honey and sorbitol.

Analysis

The EEC Technical Regulations ban the use of specified substances in the manufacture of tobacco products. Sugars and sweeteners, such as glucose, molasses, honey and sorbitol, are not specified on this list; therefore, they are allowed.

To align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines, the law should prohibit or restrict the use of ingredients used to increase palatability such as sugars and sweeteners in cigarettes.

Menthol, mint or spearmint (including analogues and derivatives)

Some Restrictions
Analysis

The EEC Technical Regulations ban the use of specified substances in the manufacture of tobacco products. "Mint herb (mint marsh) (Herba Pulegii)" is one of the specified substances. However, menthol and spearmint are not among the specified substances. Therefore, the regulatory status code "Some Restrictions" is given.

To more fully align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines, the law should prohibit or restrict the use of ingredients in cigarettes that used to increase palatability such as menthol or spearmint in cigarettes.

Spices and herbs (excluding mint)

Some Restrictions

Examples include: cinnamon and ginger.

Analysis

The EEC Technical Regulations ban the use of specified substances in the manufacture of tobacco products. Among the prohibited specified substances are some spices and herbs, including mint herb, tansy herb, rue herb and clover. However, other spices and herbs, including cinnamon and ginger, are not specified as banned substances. Therefore, the regulatory status code "Some Restrictions" is given.

To more fully align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines, the law should prohibit or restrict the use of ingredients in cigarettes that are used to increase palatability such as other spices and herbs not currently regulated.

Other flavorings (not covered above)

Some Restrictions

Includes fruit flavorings. Examples of flavoring substances include benzaldehyde, maltol and vanillin.

Analysis

The EEC Technical Regulations ban the use of specified substances in the manufacture of tobacco products. Among the prohibited specified substances are the following flavorings: woody stem of bitter-sweet nightshade (Stipites Dulcamarae); wood of the camphor tree (Lignum Camphorae); rhizome of the common centipede (Rhizoma Poiypodii); Mint herb (mint marsh) (Herba Pulegii); Kvass wood (Lignum Quassiae); Soap tree bark (Cortex Quillaja); Tansy herb (Herba Tanaceti); Rue herb (Herba Rutae); Stems, leaves and bark of sassafrass (Stipes, Folium, Cortex Sassafratis); Medicinal clover (Millilotus officinalis); Tonka beans (Semen Toncae); Liatris odorous (Liatris odoratissima); Woodruff (Asperula odorata). However, other types of flavorings, including benzaldehyde, maltol, and vanillin, are not specified as banned flavoring substances. Therefore, the regulatory status code "Some Restrictions" is given.

To more fully align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines, the law should prohibit or restrict the use of ingredients in cigarettes that are used to increase palatability such as other flavorings (not covered above).

Ingredients that facilitate nicotine uptake

Allowed

Examples include: ammonia.

Analysis

The EEC Technical Regulations ban the use of specified substances in the manufacture of tobacco products. Ingredients that facilitate nicotine uptake, including ammonia, are not specified on this list; therefore, they are allowed.

To further FCTC Arts. 5.2 and 9, the law should regulate ingredients in cigarettes that facilitate nicotine uptake, such as ammonia.

Ingredients which may create an impression of health benefits

Allowed

Examples include: vitamins, such as vitamin C and vitamin E, fruit and vegetables (and products resulting from their processing such as fruit juices), amino acids, such as cysteine and tryptophan, and essential fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega-6.

Analysis

The EEC Technical Regulations ban the use of specified substances in the manufacture of tobacco products. Ingredients that may create an impression of health benefits are not specified on this list; therefore, they are allowed.

To align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines, the law should prohibit the use of ingredients in cigarettes that may create an impression of health benefits.

Ingredients associated with energy and vitality

Allowed

Examples include: caffeine, guarana, taurine and glucuronolactone.

Analysis

The EEC Technical Regulations ban the use of specified substances in the manufacture of tobacco products. Ingredients associated with energy and vitality are not specified on this list; therefore, they are allowed.

To align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines, the law should prohibit the use of ingredients in cigarettes that are associated with energy and vitality.

Laricic acid, Birch tar oil, Bitter almond oil with free or bound hydrocyanic acid, Sassafras oil, Juniper tar oil, Camphor oil, Camphor, Coumarin, Safflower, and Thujone

Banned
Analysis

The EEC Technical Regulations ban the use of specified substances in the manufacture of tobacco products, including the following: "Laricic acid (Acidumagaricinicum); Birch tar oil (Oleum Betulaeempyreumaticum); Bitter almond oil (Oleum Amygdalarumamarum) with free or bound hydrocyanic acid; Sassafras oil (Oleum Sassfratis); Juniper tar oil (Oleum Juniperiempyreumaticum); Camphor oil (Oleum camphoratum); Camphor; Coumarin; Safflower; Thujone."