Mauritius became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on February 27, 2005.
Smoke Free Places
Smoking is prohibited on public transport and in most indoor public places. However, smoking is allowed in designated areas in indoor workplaces. In practice, smoking is permitted in designated smoking areas in only those workplaces that are office settings. Smoking is prohibited in outdoor areas of the following: health institutions, educational institutions, sports arenas and facilities, recreational places other than beaches to which the public has access, bus stands, and bus stations. Sub-national jurisdictions may enact smoke free laws that are more stringent than the national law.
Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship
Most forms of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship are prohibited, with a few exceptions. Product displays are prohibited with the exception of duty-free shops in airports. Internet sales of tobacco products are also permitted. All forms of financial or other tobacco sponsorship are prohibited.
Tobacco Packaging and Labeling
One of eight required graphic health warnings must occupy 60 percent of the front (in French) and 70 percent of the back (in English) of cigarette packages. Misleading packaging and labeling, including terms such as “light” and “low tar,” is prohibited. Qualitative statements on constituents and emissions are not required, but regulations prohibit emission yields such as tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide from being displayed on tobacco product packaging.
Cigarette Contents and Disclosures
The law does not grant the authority to regulate the contents of cigarettes. The law does not require that manufacturers and importers disclose to government authorities information on the contents and emissions of their products.
The law prohibits the sale of tobacco products via vending machines, single cigarettes and small packets of cigarettes. The sale of tobacco products is prohibited to persons under the age of 18.
Roadmap to Tobacco Control Legislation
Under a grant of power contained in the Public Health Act 1925, the Minister of Health issued the Public Health (Restrictions on Tobacco Products) Regulations 2008. These are the principal regulations governing tobacco control in Mauritius. The regulations are comprehensive, covering major areas of tobacco control such as restrictions on smoking in public places; restrictions on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; and tobacco product packaging and labeling requirements. These principal regulations are complemented by provisions in the Consumer Protection (Price and Supplies Control) Act 1998 (concerning point of sale product displays) and the Occupational Safety and Health Act 2005 (concerning smoke free policies in the workplace). In addition, the principal regulations were amended twice in 2009 – first by the Public Health (Restrictions on Tobacco Products) (Amendment) Regulations 2009 and then by the Public Health (Restrictions on Tobacco Products) (Amendment No. 2) Regulations 2009. These two sets of amendments concern duties imposed upon business owners regarding enforcement of smoke free policies, health warnings, and emission yields on product packaging.
This country’s legal measures were reviewed by our legal staff in consultation with in-country lawyers or tobacco control experts.
Policy Fact Sheets
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