LANGUAGE
Last updated: July 26th 2020

Smoke Free Status of Indoor Public Places, Workplaces, and Public Transport

All indoor workplaces

Smoking is Restricted
Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking/tobacco use in a number of listed places, including workplaces for some people, but the list is not comprehensive, and the regulation allows for designated smoking areas in qualifying “non air-conditioned teashops, restaurants, cafes and other food and beverage outlets.”

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the laws should prohibit smoking in all parts of all indoor workplaces and public places.

All indoor public places

Smoking is Restricted
Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking/tobacco use in a number of listed places, including some public places, but the list is not comprehensive, and the regulation allows for designated smoking areas in qualifying “non air-conditioned teashops, restaurants, cafes and other food and beverage outlets.” 

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the laws should prohibit smoking in all parts of all indoor workplaces and public places.

All public transport

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking on public transport vehicles or vessels and areas as prescribed by regulations issued under the Act. The implementing regulations specifically prohibit smoking in ferry vessels and any vessel used for the transportation of passengers or cargo. Although the regulations use the word “vessel,” this provision is interpreted as applying to both vehicles and vessels. 

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to public transport.

Government facilities

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in buildings “where government institutions function” and “are housed.” Specifically, this includes “government offices and buildings where government institutions and government share-held companies are run.”

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to government facilities.

Private offices

Smoking is Not Restricted
Smoking is allowed throughout the entire premises of the specified place or category of places.
Analysis

The law does not specifically address smoking in private offices. Therefore, the law is interpreted as permitting smoking in private offices.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in private offices.

Hospitals

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in areas and buildings of health service providers, which includes hospitals.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to hospitals.

Law Source, Section

Residential healthcare facilities - public areas

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in areas and buildings of health service providers, which includes residential healthcare facilities. In addition, the regulations prohibit smoking in places where elderly people are cared for and at rehabilitation centers.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to residential healthcare facilities.

Non-residential healthcare facilities

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in areas and buildings of health service providers, which includes non-residential healthcare facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to non-residential healthcare facilities.

Law Source, Section

Childcare facilities/preschools

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in childcare and child education facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to childcare facilities/preschools.

Law Source, Section

Primary and secondary schools

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in educational facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to primary and secondary schools.

Law Source, Section

Universities/vocational facilities

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in educational facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to universities and vocational facilities.

Law Source, Section

Shops

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in places where members of the public typically enter to receive goods or services, or places where people regularly wait in queues or otherwise. This is interpreted to include shops.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to shops.

Cultural facilities

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in cinemas and auditoriums. In addition, the implementing regulations prohibit smoking in the places where “typically a large number of people gather” and “places where children typically gather for entertainment.” Taken together, these provisions are interpreted as prohibiting smoking in cultural facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to cultural facilities.

Indoor stadium/arenas

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in buildings, courts, fields, and stadiums for the playing of sports.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to indoor stadiums/arenas.

Law Source, Section

Restaurants

Smoking is Restricted
Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit tobacco use in teashops, restaurants, cafés, and any other outlets providing food or beverages that are air-conditioned, but allows for designated smoking areas in qualifying “non air-conditioned teashops, restaurants, cafés and other food and beverage outlets.” Thus, the regulatory status code “Smoking is Restricted” is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all restaurants.

Bars/pubs/nightclubs

Smoking is Restricted
Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

We understand that no alcohol is available outside of resorts in the Maldives. Nonetheless, the regulations prohibit tobacco use in teashops, restaurants, cafés, and any other outlets providing food or beverages that are air- conditioned, but allows for designated smoking areas in qualifying “non air- conditioned teashops, restaurants, cafés and other food and beverage outlets.” Thus, the regulatory status code “Smoking is Restricted” is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all bars, pubs and nightclubs.

Casinos

Not Applicable
The listed place does not exist in the country.
Analysis

There are no casinos in Maldives.

Hotels/lodging - public areas

Uncertain
The smoke free status of the place is uncertain due to the lack of clarity in the law or inability to obtain all relevant laws.
Analysis

The law does not specifically address smoking in hotels. The regulations prohibit tobacco use in “places where members of the public typically enter to receive goods or services, or places where people regularly wait in queues or otherwise” and places where typically a large number of people gather. It is possible that these provisions could be interpreted as prohibiting smoking in public areas of hotels. However, because the law is unclear, the regulatory status code “Uncertain” is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in public areas of hotels.

Law Source, Section

Hotels/lodgings - guest rooms

Smoking is Not Restricted
Smoking is allowed throughout the entire premises of the specified place or category of places.
Analysis

The law does not specifically address smoking in hotel guest rooms. Therefore, the law is interpreted as permitting smoking in hotel guest rooms.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in guest rooms of hotels.

Prisons/detention facilities - public areas

Smoking is Not Restricted
Smoking is allowed throughout the entire premises of the specified place or category of places.
Analysis

The law does not specifically address smoking in prisons. Therefore, the law is interpreted as permitting smoking in prisons and detention facilities.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of all indoor workplaces, including prisons.

Trains, buses and other shared ground transportation other than taxis

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public transport vehicles, including those used for the transportation of passengers. This includes trains, buses and other shared ground transportation.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines on trains, buses and other shared ground transportation.

Taxis (for-hire vehicle)

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public transport vehicles, including those used for the transportation of passengers. This includes taxis (for-hire vehicles).

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines on taxis (for-hire vehicles).

Commercial aircraft

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public transport vehicles or vessels, including those used for the transportation of passengers or cargo. This includes commercial aircraft.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines on commercial aircraft.

Commercial watercraft

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public transport vessels and areas, including any vessel used for the transportation of passengers or cargo. This includes commercial watercraft.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines on commercial watercraft.

Public transport facilities (waiting areas for mass transit)

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public transport vehicles areas, or an area or areas thereof, as prescribed by regulations issued under the Act. This includes areas such as indoor or enclosed waiting rooms, train stations, bus terminals, and airports.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines on public transport facilities.