LANGUAGE
Last updated: October 1st 2019

Regulated Contents in Cigarettes

Regulatory Authority

Are contents and/or ingredients of cigarettes regulated?

Yes
Regulatory Authority:

Department of Health; 

Local Weights and Measures Authorities

Analysis

The law prohibits the manufacture and sale of: 1) tobacco products that contain certain additives (Sec. 16) and 2) cigarettes and hand rolling tobacco that contain a characterizing flavor (Sec. 15).

Are cigarette emissions regulated?

Yes
Regulatory Authority:

Department of Health

Analysis

The law prohibits the manufacture, sale, and export of cigarettes with emissions levels greater than: 1) 10 mg of tar per cigarette, 2) 1 mg of nicotine per cigarette, or 3) 10 mg of carbon monoxide per cigarette.

Status of Regulated Ingredients in Cigarettes

Sugars and sweeteners

Some Restrictions

Examples of sugars and sweeteners include: glucose, molasses, honey and sorbitol.

Analysis

The law prohibits cigarettes with a "characterising flavour." Accordingly, sugars and sweeteners that produce a characterizing flavor are prohibited. The law further states that it does not prohibit "the use of an additive which is essential for the manufacture of a tobacco product (for example, sugar when it is used to replace sugar that is lost during the curing process), provided that the additive does not result in a product with a characterising flavour." Because sugar may be used in cigarettes as long as it does not result in a characterizing flavor, the regulatory status code "Some Restrictions" is given.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that it regulates ingredients used to increase palatability such as sugars and sweeteners in cigarettes.

Menthol, mint or spearmint (including analogues and derivatives)

Some Restrictions
Analysis

The law prohibits cigarettes with a "characterising flavour." Accordingly, menthol, mint and spearmint that produce a characterizing flavor are prohibited. However, the ban on menthol cigarettes comes into effect on May 20, 2020. Because the use of mint and spearmint are currently banned, but the use of menthol is not banned until May 2020, the regulatory status code "Some Restrictions" is given.

When this provision comes into effect for menthol in May 2020, the law will align with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9& & 10 Partial Guidelines in that it will regulate ingredients used to increase palatability such as menthol, mint, or spearmint in cigarettes.

Spices and herbs (excluding mint)

Banned

Examples include: cinnamon and ginger.

Analysis

The law prohibits cigarettes with a "characterising flavour." Accordingly, spices and herbs (excluding mint) that produce a characterizing flavor are prohibited. 

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that it regulates ingredients used to increase palatability such as spices and herbs (excluding mint) in cigarettes.

Other flavorings (excluding menthol)

Banned

Includes fruit flavorings. Examples of flavoring substances include benzaldehyde, maltol and vanillin.

Analysis

The law prohibits cigarettes with a "characterising flavour." Accordingly, other flavorings (not covered above) that produce a characterizing flavor are prohibited. 

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that it regulates ingredients used to increase palatability such as other flavorings (not covered above) in cigarettes.

Ingredients that facilitate nicotine uptake

Banned

Examples include: ammonia.

Analysis

The law prohibits cigarettes containing additives that facilitate inhalation or nicotine uptake. 

The law furthers FCTC Arts. 5.2 and 9 in that it regulates ingredients in cigarettes that facilitate nicotine uptake, such as ammonia.

Ingredients which may create an impression of health benefits

Banned

Examples include: vitamins, such as vitamin C and vitamin E, fruit and vegetables (and products resulting from their processing such as fruit juices), amino acids, such as cysteine and tryptophan, and essential fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega-6.

Analysis

The law prohibits cigarettes containing vitamins or other additives that create the impression that a tobacco product has a health benefit or presents reduced health risks.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that the law prohibits the use of ingredients in cigarettes that may create an impression of health benefits.

Ingredients associated with energy and vitality

Banned

Examples include: caffeine, guarana, taurine and glucuronolactone.

Analysis

The law prohibits cigarettes containing caffeine, taurine or other additives and stimulant compounds that are associated with energy and vitality.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 9 and the FCTC Arts. 9 & 10 Partial Guidelines in that the law prohibits the use of ingredients in cigarettes that are associated with energy and vitality.

Additives which have coloring effects on emissions

Banned
Analysis

The law prohibits cigarettes containing additives that have coloring effects on emissions.

Additives that have CMR properties in unburnt form

Banned
Analysis

The law prohibits cigarettes containing additives that have CMR (carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction) properties in unburnt form.

Additives in quantities that increase the toxic or addictive effect

Banned
Analysis

The law prohibits cigarettes containing additives in quantities that increase, to a significant or measurable degree, the toxic or addictive effect or CMR (carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction) properties of the product when it is consumed.