LANGUAGE
Last updated: September 25th 2017

Smoke Free Status of Indoor Public Places, Workplaces, and Public Transport

All indoor workplaces

Smoking is Restricted
Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in a majority of indoor workplaces, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which require smoking zones to be located in an open space or which ban smoking zones entirely. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. The smoking ban, however, does not apply to restaurants that have fewer than four walls. The law accordingly does not require that all indoor workplaces be 100% smoke free. Therefore, the law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines and, accordingly, does not provide effective or universal protection against tobacco smoke exposure. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require all parts of all indoor workplaces to be 100% smoke free.

All indoor public places

Smoking is Restricted
Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in a majority of indoor public places, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which require smoking zones to be located in an open space or which ban smoking zones entirely. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. As the smoking zones are outdoor, smoking is completely prohibited in all indoor public places. The smoking ban, however, does not apply to restaurants that have fewer than four walls. The law accordingly does not require that all indoor public places be 100% smoke free. Therefore, the law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines and, accordingly, does not provide effective or universal protection against tobacco smoke exposure. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require all parts of all indoor public places to be 100% smoke free.

All public transport

Smoking is Restricted
Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public vehicles, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public vehicle to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which permit the establishment of a smoking zone in public transport vehicles that have more than one room. The smoking zone, however, must be located at the end, backside or open space of the vehicle and may not be the main room for passengers. The law does not provide for 100% smoke free public transport. Therefore, the law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines and, accordingly, does not provide effective or universal protection against tobacco smoke exposure. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require all parts of all public transport to be 100% smoke free.

Government facilities

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in government offices, semi-government offices, and generally in places accessible for public use which would encompass government facilities other than offices. The prohibition is subject, however, to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which require smoking zones to be located in an open space. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. As the smoking zones are outdoor, smoking is completely prohibited in all indoor government facilities. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to government facilities.

Hospitals

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in hospital and clinic buildings, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules, which prohibit smoking zones in hospital and clinic buildings. As hospital and clinic buildings are 100% smoke free, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Residential healthcare facilities - public areas

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in hospital and clinic buildings, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules, which prohibit smoking zones in hospital and clinic buildings. Public areas of residential healthcare facilities fall within the hospital and clinic category and thus shall not contain smoking zones. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in that public areas of residential healthcare facilities are 100% smoke free.

Non-residential healthcare facilities

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in hospital and clinic buildings, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules, which prohibit smoking zones in hospital and clinic buildings. Non-residential healthcare facilities fall within the category of clinics and thus shall not contain smoking zones. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in that all non-residential healthcare facilities are 100% smoke free.

Childcare facilities/preschools

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in educational institutions, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules, which prohibit smoking zones in educational institutions. Therefore, smoking is completely prohibited in childcare and preschool facilities. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to childcare and preschool facilities.

Primary and secondary schools

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in educational institutions, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules, which prohibit smoking zones in educational institutions. Therefore, smoking is completely prohibited in primary and secondary schools. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to primary and secondary schools.

Universities/vocational facilities

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in educational institutions, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules, which prohibit smoking zones in educational institutions. Therefore, smoking is completely prohibited in university and vocational facilities. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to university and vocational facilities.

Shops

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public places and indoor workplaces including shopping centers but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which require smoking zones to be located in an open space. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. As the smoking zones are outdoor, smoking is completely prohibited in all indoor shops. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to shops.

Cultural facilities

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public places which include several types of cultural facilities such as libraries, cinema halls, and exhibition halls. Other cultural facilities fall within the definition’s catchall phrase “any other place accessible for collective use by people.” The prohibition, however, is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which prohibit smoking zones inside libraries, cinema halls, and exhibition halls. In other public places, the Rules require smoking zones to be located in an open space. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. As the smoking zones are either entirely prohibited or must be located outdoors, smoking is completely prohibited in all indoor cultural facilities. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to cultural facilities.

Indoor stadium/arenas

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public places accessible for collective use, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules, which prohibit smoking zones in places for sports or exercise. Therefore, smoking is completely prohibited in indoor stadiums. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 with respect to indoor stadiums.

Restaurants

Smoking is Restricted
Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in restaurants surrounded by four walls, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which prohibit smoking zones in one room covered restaurants surrounded by walls on four sides. In other multi-room restaurant buildings, the Rules require smoking zones to be located in an open space. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. However, the smoking ban does not apply to restaurants that have fewer than four walls.

The law does not provide for 100% smoke free indoor restaurants. Therefore, the law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines and, accordingly, does not provide effective or universal protection against tobacco smoke exposure. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require all parts of all indoor restaurants to be 100% smoke free. In addition, a definition of “indoor” or “enclosed” should be provided in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines to ensure that restaurants with fewer than four walls are covered.

Bars/pubs/nightclubs

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

Bars and pubs are uncommon in Bangladesh. The law prohibits smoking in public places, but such places are subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which require smoking zones to be located in an open space. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. As the smoking zones are outdoor, smoking is completely prohibited in all indoor bars/pubs/nightclubs. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to bars/pubs/nightclubs.

Casinos

Not Applicable
The listed place does not exist in the country.
Analysis

Casinos currently are prohibited in Bangladesh.

Hotels/lodging - public areas

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in any public place accessible for collective use, which includes public areas of hotels and lodging, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which require smoking zones to be located in an open space. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. As smoking zones are outdoor, smoking is completely prohibited in the public areas of all hotels/lodging. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to hotels/lodging.

Hotels/lodgings - guest rooms

Uncertain
The smoke free status of the place is uncertain due to the lack of clarity in the law or inability to obtain all relevant laws.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in indoor workplaces, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which require smoking zones to be located in an open space. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. Although hotel guest rooms are workplaces for some, it is uncertain whether they are intended to be covered by the law. Therefore, the regulatory status “Uncertain” is given. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require hotels, including guest rooms, to be 100% smoke free. In addition, the law should define the terms “public place” and “workplace” in accordance with the definitions provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Prisons/detention facilities - public areas

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public places accessible for collective use, which includes public areas of prisons/detention facilities, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which require smoking zones to be located in an open space. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. As smoking zones are outdoor, smoking is completely prohibited in the public areas of prisons/detention facilities. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to the public areas of prisons/detention facilities.

Trains, buses and other shared ground transportation other than taxis

Smoking is Restricted
Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public vehicles, which includes all kinds of mechanical public transport, such as trains and buses, but leaves out non-mechanical public transport. In addition, the ban on smoking in public vehicles is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public vehicle to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which permit the establishment of a smoking zone in public transport vehicles that have more than one room. The smoking zone, however, must be located at the end, backside, or open space of the vehicle and may not be the main room for passengers. Although the prohibition on smoking zones may be applicable to buses as they usually have only one car, it most likely will not affect trains as they usually have multiple cars. The Railways Act of 1890 further provides that an individual shall be punished with a fine if the individual smokes without the consent of his fellow passengers and is in a compartment not specifically designated for smoking.

The law does not provide for 100% smoke free trains, buses, and other shared ground transport. Therefore, the law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines and, accordingly, does not provide effective or universal protection against tobacco smoke exposure. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require all parts of all public transport to be 100% smoke free. In addition, the law should provide a definition of “public transport” that aligns with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Taxis (for-hire vehicle)

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public vehicles, including all mechanical forms of ground transportation (e.g., taxis), but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public vehicle to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules, which prohibit smoking zones in one room public transport. As taxis have a single compartment, they, therefore, must be 100% smoke free. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to taxis.

Commercial aircraft

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public vehicles, including airplanes, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public vehicle to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which prohibit smoking zones in any one room public transport. As airplanes have a single compartment, they therefore must be 100% smoke free. The law accordingly aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to commercial aircraft.

Commercial watercraft

Smoking is Restricted
Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public vehicles, including ships, launches, and other kinds of mechanical public transport, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public vehicle to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which permit the establishment of smoking zones in public transport vehicles that have more than one room. The smoking zone however must be located at the end, backside or open space of the vehicle and may not be the main room for passengers. The law does not provide for 100% smoke free commercial watercraft. Therefore, the law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines and, accordingly, does not provide effective or universal protection against tobacco smoke exposure. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require all commercial watercraft to be 100% smoke free.

Public transport facilities (waiting areas for mass transit)

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public places, including airports, sea ports, train and bus stations, and queues of passengers for riding public vehicles, but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules, which require smoking zones to be located in an open space. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. As smoking zones are outdoor, smoking is completely prohibited in indoor public transport facilities. The law accordingly provides for 100% smoke free public transport facilities. Therefore, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to public transport facilities.

Private offices

100% Smoke Free
100% smoke free environment throughout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public places which includes “indoor workplaces,” but is subject to the provisions of Art. 7 that permit a person in control of a public place to create a zone for smoking. The smoking zones, in turn, are subject to restrictions provided in the 2015 Rules which require smoking zones to be located in an open space. Open space is interpreted to mean outdoor. As smoking zones are outdoor, smoking is completely prohibited in indoor private offices. The law accordingly provides for 100% smoke free indoor private offices. Therefore, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to private offices.