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Term --FCTC-Based Definition Turkey
Workplace View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, in which a person performs duties of employment or work, regardless of whether the work is done for compensation or on a voluntary basis, and includes private offices, common areas and any other area which generally is used or frequented during the course of employment or work. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 20)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

Undefined key terms can create ambiguity, subjective interpretation, loopholes in coverage and may undermine the application of other substantive provisions of a law. For example, if it is not clear what is considered “workplace,” this may impair the ability of the law to fulfill FCTC Art. 8 requirements. A definition of “workplace” should be provided in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Transport View Definition

Any vehicle used for the carriage of members of the public, usually for reward or commercial gain. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 22)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

Undefined key terms can create ambiguity, subjective interpretation, loopholes in coverage and may undermine the application of other substantive provisions of a law. For example, if it is not clear what is considered “public transport,” this may impair the ability of the law to fulfill FCTC Art. 8 requirements. A definition of “public transport” should be provided in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Second Hand Smoke (or similar term) View Definition

The smoke emitted from the burning end of a cigarette or from other tobacco products usually in combination with the smoke exhaled by the smoker. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 15)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

Undefined key terms can create ambiguity, subjective interpretation, loopholes in coverage and may undermine the application of other substantive provisions of a law. For example, if it is not clear what is considered “second hand smoke,” this may impair the ability of the law to fulfill FCTC Art. 8 requirements. A definition of “second hand smoke” or similar term should be provided in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Smoking or Smoke View Definition

Being in possession or control of a lit tobacco product regardless of whether the smoke is being actively inhaled or exhaled. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 17)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

Undefined key terms can create ambiguity, subjective interpretation, loopholes in coverage and may undermine the application of other substantive provisions of a law. For example, if it is not clear what is considered “smoking” or "smoke," this may impair the ability of the law to fulfill FCTC Art. 8 requirements. A definition of “smoking” or “smoke” should be provided in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Place View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, that is accessible to the general public or for collective use by the general public regardless of ownership or right of access. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 18)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

Undefined key terms can create ambiguity, subjective interpretation, loopholes in coverage and may undermine the application of other substantive provisions of a law. For example, if it is not clear what is considered “public place,” this may impair the ability of the law to fulfill FCTC Art. 8 requirements. A definition of “public place” should be provided in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Tobacco Product View Definition

Any product entirely or partly made of the leaf tobacco as a raw material which is manufactured to be used for smoking, sucking, chewing, or snuffing. (FCTC Art. 1(f))

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition incorporates the key elements provided in FCTC Art. 1(f). The definitions may be improved by including "or by any other means of consumption" to the list of consumption methods.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor or Enclosed View Definition

Any space covered by a roof or enclosed by one or more walls or sides, regardless of the type of material used for the roof, walls or sides, and regardless of whether the structure is permanent or temporary. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 19)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition does not align with the definition of "indoor" or "enclosed" provided for in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines because it does not consider spaces without a roof. The FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines definition refers to any space covered by a roof or one or more walls. The definition element of indoor areas in Turkey’s Circular 2009/13, requiring more than half of the walls to be closed off, makes the Turkey smoke free law limiting. The definition of “indoor” or “enclosed” should be amended to be in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Turkey
All indoor workplaces
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law generally prohibits smoking in indoor areas of public workplaces.

However, designated smoking areas are allowed in certain indoor workplaces, namely: care facilities for the elderly; psychiatric hospitals; and prisons. Additionally, hotel rooms may be designated for smoking. Where indoor smoking is permitted, the law requires the room to be insulated and ventilated so that no smoke or odor escapes. It is important to note that the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines provide that there is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke and Parties to the FCTC acknowledge that ventilation or air exchange approaches do not protect against exposure to tobacco smoke.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require all parts of all indoor public places and workplaces and public transport to be 100% smoke free without exceptions or exemptions. For better clarity, the law should also define "workplaces."

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All indoor public places
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law generally prohibits smoking in indoor public places, because it prohibits smoking in indoor public workplaces and indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for educational, health, commercial, social, cultural, sports, and entertainment purposes including hallways with room for more than one person (except private houses). Additionally, smoking is prohibited in restaurants owned by legal entities and entertainment establishments such as cafes, cafeterias, and bars.

However, designated smoking areas are allowed in certain indoor workplaces, namely: care facilities for the elderly; psychiatric hospitals; and prisons. Additionally, hotel rooms may be designated for smoking. Where indoor smoking is permitted, the law requires the room to be insulated and ventilated so that no smoke or odor escapes. It is important to note that the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines provide that there is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke and Parties to the FCTC acknowledge that ventilation or air exchange approaches do not protect against exposure to tobacco smoke.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of indoor public places and workplaces without exemptions or exceptions. Additionally, the law should define "public places" for better clarity.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All public transport
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in intercity, railway, sea, and air mass transportation vehicles, including private taxis. Therefore, the law prohibits smoking in all enclosed public transport.

The law could be strengthened by applying the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines' definition of "public transport" and prohibiting designated smoking areas on the decks of ships carrying passengers on international routes or between cities. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all public transportation, whether enclosed or not.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Government facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in indoor areas of public workplaces, which would include most government facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with regard to government facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Private offices
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

Smoking is prohibited in indoor areas of public workplaces and indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for commercial purposes.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in private offices.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hospitals
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

Smoking is prohibited in indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for health purposes, as well as in indoor areas of public workplaces. Hospitals are facilities used for health purposes and are therefore 100% smoke free.

However, the law allows psychiatric hospitals and facilities for the elderly to have designated smoking areas and those facilities are evaluated separately in this review.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to hospitals. The law could be strengthened by defining the terms "public places" and "workplaces" in accordance with the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Residential healthcare facilities - public areas
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

Smoking is prohibited in indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for health purposes, as well as in indoor areas of public workplaces. Although public areas of residential healthcare facilities are included in these categories, the law allows psychiatric hospitals and facilities for the elderly to have designated smoking areas. The law does not differentiate between public areas and patient rooms.

Also according to Circular 2009/13, areas designated for consumption of tobacco products may be established, so as not to exceed 10% of the total area, in nursing homes, in units where mental health patients are treated as inpatients, and in penalty execution institutions.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in residential healthcare facilities by prohibiting smoking in all parts of public places and workplaces without any exemptions or exceptions.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Non-residential healthcare facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in indoor areas of public workplaces. Additionally, the law prohibits smoking in indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for health purposes. Non-residential healthcare facilities like health clinics can be categorized as public workplaces or privately owned healthcare facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to non-residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Childcare facilities/preschools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in the indoor and outdoor areas of preschool educational institutions, primary and secondary schools, and private establishments preparing students for various examinations.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to childcare facilities/preschools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Primary and secondary schools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in the indoor and outdoor areas of preschool educational institutions, primary and secondary schools, and private establishments preparing students for various examinations.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to primary and secondary schools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Universities/vocational facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in "private establishments preparing students for various examinations and cultural and social service buildings"; "indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for educational purposes"; and "indoor areas of public workplaces."

Therefore, because universities and vocational facilities are used for education purposes and are workplaces, smoking is prohibited in these places.

The law aligns with the FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to universities/vocational facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Shops
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for commercial purposes including hallways with room for more than one person. The law also bans smoking in indoor areas of public workplaces.

In this regard, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in so far as making shops or stores 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Cultural facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for cultural purposes.

In this regard, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in so far as making cultural facilities 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor stadium/arenas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for cultural, sports, and entertainment purposes.

In this regard, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in so far as making indoor stadiums/arenas 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Restaurants
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in restaurants owned by legal entities and entertainment establishments such as cafes, cafeterias and bars.

In this regard, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in so far as making restaurants 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Bars/pubs/nightclubs
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in restaurants owned by legal entities and entertainment establishments such as cafes, cafeterias and bars.

In this regard, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in so far as making bars/pubs/nightclubs 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Casinos
N/A
Not Applicable
Analysis

We understand that casinos do not exist in Turkey.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodging - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

Smoking is prohibited in indoor areas of public workplaces and indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for commercial, social, and entertainment purposes. However, the law also states that “special rooms can be designated for hotel guests that consume tobacco products.”

“Special rooms” exceptions are interpreted to apply only to guest rooms and not to the public areas of the hotel, especially when read in conjunction with Circular 2009/13.

Under this interpretation, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines because smoking in public areas of hotels and other lodging is prohibited.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodgings - guest rooms
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

Smoking is prohibited in indoor areas of public workplaces and indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for commercial, social, and entertainment purposes. However, the law also states that “special rooms can be designated for hotel guests that consume tobacco products.” Such rooms are required to use ventilation approaches. Under Circular 2009/13: “Proper ventilation fixings complying with the standards shall be installed in any rooms of any establishments providing hotel services which are allocated for the accommodation of consumers of tobacco products. Such allocated rooms shall take place in separate sections, i.e., on the same floor, corridor, if possible.” This provision implies that it is guest rooms, not public areas of hotels, which may be designated for smoking.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines the law prohibit smoking in all parts of indoor public places and workplaces, including hotel guest rooms, without any exemptions or exceptions. The law could be strengthened by also defining the terms “public places” and “workplaces” in accordance with the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Prisons/detention facilities - public areas
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law allows designated smoking areas in prisons, so long as they are insulated and ventilated to prevent any odor or smoke from escaping. It is important to note that it is not technically possible to prevent odor or smoke from escaping from indoor designating smoking areas. The designated smoking area in prisons may not exceed 10% of the total area of the prison.

The law does not specify whether the smoking areas are restricted to public areas or individual cells, so we assume for these purposes that smoking areas may be established in either.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law smoking in all parts of prisons and detention facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Trains, buses and other shared ground transportation other than taxis
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in intercity, railway, sea, and air mass transportation vehicles, including private taxis. Similarly, tobacco products may not be consumed in highway, railway, seaway, and airway mass transportation vehicles, including those that provide taxi services.

In this regard, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in so far as requiring trains, buses, and other shared ground transportation to be 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Taxis (for-hire vehicle)
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in intercity, railway, sea, and air mass transportation vehicles, including private taxis. Similarly, tobacco products may not be consumed in highway, railway, seaway, and airway mass transportation vehicles, including those that provide taxi services.

In this regard, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in so far as requiring taxis to be 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial aircraft
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in intercity, railway, sea, and air mass transportation vehicles, including private taxis. Similarly, tobacco products may not be consumed in highway, railway, seaway, and airway mass transportation vehicles, including those that provide taxi services.

In this regard, the law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in so far as requiring commercial aircraft to be 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial watercraft
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in intercity, railway, sea, and air mass transportation vehicles, including private taxis.

However, the law allows designated smoking areas on decks of ships carrying passengers on international routes or between cities. Minors under 19 years of age are not be permitted to enter these designated smoking areas.

Circular 2009/13 limits the designated smoking areas to no more than 10% of the total area of the ship and requires the areas to be isolated in such a way as to prevent the impact of smoking on other passengers.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all means of public transport.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public transport facilities (waiting areas for mass transit)
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

Smoking is prohibited in indoor areas of public workplaces and indoor areas of buildings that are privately owned by legal entities and used for commercial purposes. These provisions are interpreted as prohibiting smoking in public transportation facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in public transportation facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Turkey
Does the law require any outdoor or quasi-outdoor spaces to be smoke free or restrict smoking in any way?
Yes
Yes
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Turkey
Post signs
Yes
Yes
Analysis

In places where smoking tobacco products is prohibited, signs indicating the legal arrangement and the penalties for violation shall be posted at easily visible points in at least 10 cm font size in indoor places and 3 cm font size in mass transportation vehicles. Moreover, health warnings describing the health hazards of tobacco use shall be posted in easily visible points in areas designated for consuming tobacco products.

Decision No. 4201 gives specifications for signs to be displayed in any indoor areas of any public and private buildings: 50x70 cm, of a rectangular shape; “No Smoking” as the text of the warning; 10 cm as size of text; followed by other warnings - e.g., "Tobacco use is prohibited here. Violators and those who condone such behavior shall be fined pursuant to Law No. 4207", and “for your complaints". Signs should be formatted as follows: 35% of the area shall be allocated for the "no smoking" sign (top), 35% – for the warning “NO SMOKING" (middle), and 30% – for the remaining part of the warning (bottom).

Decision No. 4201 gives specifications for signs to be displayed on mass transportation vehicles (highway, railway, seaway, and airway). Signs shall: be of minimum A5 size of a rectangular shape; and contain the warning: NO SMOKING” of the size of at least 3 cm, followed by the warnings: "Tobacco use is prohibited here. Violators and those who condone such behavior shall be fined pursuant to Law No. 4207."

The name and the phone number of a person or institution responsible for the placement of the legal warning and the enforcement of a sanction against any violators shall be indicated in the space after the words “For complaints:”

Those who fail to post a proper sign are penalized with an administrative fine of one thousand Turkish Lira. Pursuant to amendments made by Law No. 6487, administrative fines shall be increased for the first and second repeat offenses taking place within the same year. In the case of a third subsequent offense within the same year, the business premises is to be closed for ten days to one month.

The FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines provide that the law specify duties of the owner, manager, or other persons in charge of the premises to, inter alia, post no smoking signs and that the format and content of these signs to be specified and include a telephone number or other mechanism to report violations. Therefore, in this regard, the law aligns with the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Remove ashtrays
No
No
Analysis

There is no express requirement for managers to remove ashtrays; however, those who are responsible for operating enterprises where smoking is prohibited, yet fail to implement the law's prohibitions by taking necessary measures may receive a written warning or fine between 1000 TL and 5000 TL.

Pursuant to amendments made by Law No. 6487, administrative fines shall be increased for the first and second repeat offenses taking place within the same year. In the case of a third subsequent offense within the same year, the business premises is to be closed for ten days to one month.

The law could be improved by specifying what reasonable steps a business owner must take to prevent smoking in her establishment, including removing ashtrays.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Steps to require a person to stop smoking (e.g., warn, discontinue service, call authorities)
Yes
Yes
Analysis

The law does not describe the steps that a manager must take to stop a person from illegally smoking; however, those who are responsible for operating enterprises where smoking is prohibited, yet fail to implement the law's prohibitions by taking necessary measures may receive a written warning or fine between 1000 TL and 5000 TL.

Pursuant to amendments made by Law No. 6487, administrative fines shall be increased for the first and second repeat offenses taking place within the same year. In the case of a third subsequent offense within the same year, the business premises is to be closed for ten days to one month.

The law could be improved by specifying what reasonable steps a business owner must take to prevent smoking in her establishment, including steps to require a person to stop smoking.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not to smoke where prohibited
Yes
Yes
Analysis

The Law on Misdemeanors imposes a 50 TL fine on those who illegally smoke in enclosed public buildings, public transportation, or private buildings where "no smoking" signs are posted.

Pursuant to amendments made by Law No. 6487, administrative fines shall be increased for the first and second repeat offenses taking place within the same year.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Other
No
No
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Turkey
Are sub-national jurisdictions permitted to have smoke-free laws?
Uncertain
Uncertain
Not Applicable
Not Applicable