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Term --FCTC-Based Definition Nepal
Workplace View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, in which a person performs duties of employment or work, regardless of whether the work is done for compensation or on a voluntary basis, and includes private offices, common areas and any other area which generally is used or frequented during the course of employment or work. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 20)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “work place” contained in the 2014 Directive aligns with the definition of “workplace” provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Transport View Definition

Any vehicle used for the carriage of members of the public, usually for reward or commercial gain. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 22)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “public transportation” contained in the 2014 Directive aligns with the definition of “public transport” provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Second Hand Smoke (or similar term) View Definition

The smoke emitted from the burning end of a cigarette or from other tobacco products usually in combination with the smoke exhaled by the smoker. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 15)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “second-hand smoke” contained in the 2014 Directive aligns with the definition of “second hand smoke” provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Smoking or Smoke View Definition

Being in possession or control of a lit tobacco product regardless of whether the smoke is being actively inhaled or exhaled. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 17)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “smoking” in the Tobacco Product Act is narrower the definition in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines because it encompasses only the act of consuming the tobacco product and not the act of being in possession or control of any lit tobacco product. Therefore, a definition of “smoking” should be provided in accordance with the definition contained in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Place View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, that is accessible to the general public or for collective use by the general public regardless of ownership or right of access. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 18)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “public place” refers to Section 3 of the law, which provides a list of categories of places that are “deemed as public places” for purposes of the smoking ban. The definition is supplemented in the 2014 Directive to also include places accessed by the general public regardless of ownership. Taken together, the definitions of “public place” contained in the law and the 2014 Directive align with the definition of “public place” contained in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines. The definition could be improved by specifically including that the structure may be permanent or temporary.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Tobacco Product View Definition

Any product entirely or partly made of the leaf tobacco as a raw material which is manufactured to be used for smoking, sucking, chewing, or snuffing. (FCTC Art. 1(f))

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “tobacco product” in the law could potentially and unintentionally fail to cover a type of tobacco product not listed in the definition. For this reason, it is better to define tobacco products rather than list types of tobacco products. The law should provide a definition of “tobacco product” in line with the definition provided in FCTC Art. 1(f).

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor or Enclosed View Definition

Any space covered by a roof or enclosed by one or more walls or sides, regardless of the type of material used for the roof, walls or sides, and regardless of whether the structure is permanent or temporary. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 19)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “indoor or enclosed space” contained in the 2014 Directive aligns with definition of “indoor” contained in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Nepal
All indoor workplaces
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes, among others, “workplaces of industries and factories.” The 2014 Directive contains a broad definition of the term “work place” and, thus, the law is interpreted as covering all workplaces.

However, the Act specifically allows, but does not require, a manager of a prison, airport, or hotel, which are workplaces for some, to designate an area inside the premises for smoking or tobacco consumption. Although the regulations specify that the smoking area in a hotel should be outside, the regulations allow the smoking area to be inside if outside space is not available. Therefore, the regulatory status “Smoking is Restricted” is given.

The law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines because it does not provide for 100% smoke free indoor workplaces. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all indoor workplaces.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All indoor public places
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public places, including a specified list of public places contained in the Tobacco Products Act. In addition, the 2014 Directive contains a definition of “public place” that would likely cover any places inadvertently left off the list.

However, the law specifically allows, but does not require, a manager of an airport to designate an area inside the premises for smoking or tobacco consumption. The law also allows hotel managers to designate a place for smoking. While generally the smoking area in a hotel must be outside, the regulations allow the smoking area to be inside if outside space is not available. Therefore, the regulatory status “Smoking is Restricted” is given.

The law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines because it does not provide for 100% smoke free indoor public places. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require all parts of all indoor public places, including airports and hotels, to be 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All public transport
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking on public transportation. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to public transportation.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Government facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes the “bodies, institutions and offices of the State and of the Government.”

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to government facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Private offices
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in a specified list of public places, which includes, among others, “workplaces of industries and factories.” The explanatory note states that “workplace means an indoor or outdoor area in which employees perform the job at industries and factories, enterprises and plant machineries.” This is a broad definition and is interpreted as covering all private offices. In addition, the 2014 Directive includes a definition of “work place” that is also broad and covers “any room place used by person to work.”

This provision aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to private offices.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hospitals
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “health related institutions.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited in hospitals.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to hospitals.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Residential healthcare facilities - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “health related institutions.” This is interpreted as encompassing residential healthcare facilities, including all public areas.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Non-residential healthcare facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “health related institutions.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited in non-residential healthcare facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to non-residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Childcare facilities/preschools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “child welfare homes, child care centers” and “educational facilities.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited in childcare facilities and preschools.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to childcare facilities and preschools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Primary and secondary schools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “educational facilities.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited in primary and secondary schools.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to primary and secondary schools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Universities/vocational facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “educational facilities.” This is interpreted as prohibiting smoking in universities and vocational facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to universities and vocational facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Shops
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “department store and mini-market.” Although the law is unclear as to what qualifies as a department store or mini-market because these terms are not defined, the intent of the law appears to be to prohibit smoking in all stores and shops. Therefore, the law is interpreted as prohibiting smoking in all stores and shops.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to shops and stores.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Cultural facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “cinema halls, cultural centers and theatres.”

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to cultural facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor stadium/arenas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “stadiums, covered halls, gymnasiums, [and] swimming pool houses.” This provision is interpreted to include all stadiums and arenas.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to stadiums and arenas.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Restaurants
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “restaurants,” “dining halls” and “canteens.”

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to restaurants.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Bars/pubs/nightclubs
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “bars.” This provision is interpreted to include all bars, pubs, and nightclubs.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to bars, pubs, and nightclubs.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Casinos
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public places, including a specified list of public places contained in the Tobacco Products Act. The Act does not list “casinos” as a public place where smoking is prohibited, but it would be covered under the definition of “public place” contained in the 2014 Directive.

However, casinos, to the extent they exist in Nepal, must be located within tourist hotels. Section 4(2) of the Act allows a manager of a “tourist level hotel” to designate a place in the hotel for smoking or consumption of tobacco products. While generally the smoking area in a hotel must be outside, the regulations allow the smoking area to be inside if outside space is not available. Therefore, the law is interpreted as allowing smoking areas in casinos, which are located inside hotels. The regulations further specify that smoking areas shall have no furniture.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of casinos.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodging - public areas
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “hotel, motel, resort . . . lodge, hostel and guest house.” However, Section 4(2) of the Act allows a manager of a “tourist level hotel” to designate a place in the hotel for smoking or consumption of tobacco products. While generally the smoking area in a hotel must be outside, the regulations allow the smoking area to be inside if outside space is not available. Therefore, the regulatory status “Smoking is Restricted” is assigned rather than “100% Smoke Free.” The regulations further specify that smoking areas shall have no furniture.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all indoor parts of hotels.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodgings - guest rooms
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in a “hotel, motel, resort . . . lodge, hostel and guest house.” Section 4(2) of the Act provides an exemption to the ban that allows a manager of a “tourist level hotel” to designate a place in the hotel for smoking or consumption of tobacco products. However, the smoking room may not be a guest room because the Tobacco Product Regulations specify that smoking areas shall have no furniture. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in guest rooms of hotels.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in hotel guest rooms.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Prisons/detention facilities - public areas
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes the “bodies, institutions and offices of the State and of the Government,” which is interpreted to include prisons. However, the Act allows a manager of a prison to designate a place for smoking or consumption of tobacco products. The Tobacco Products Regulations specify that a designated smoking area in a prison should have ventilation for the direct exit of smoke, an automatic door that remains closed at all times, and as far as possible, have space for only one person. In addition, smoking areas should have no furniture.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of prisons.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Trains, buses and other shared ground transportation other than taxis
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “public transportation.” The term “public transportation” is defined to include transport by ground. Therefore, smoking is prohibited on trains, buses, and other shared ground transportation.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to shared ground transportation.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Taxis (for-hire vehicle)
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “public transportation.” The term “public transportation” is defined to include transport by ground. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in taxis.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to taxis.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial aircraft
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “airlines and public transportation.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited on commercial aircraft.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to commercial aircraft.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial watercraft
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “public transportation.” The term “public transportation” is defined to include transport by “sail in the ocean.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited on commercial watercraft.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to commercial watercraft.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public transport facilities (waiting areas for mass transit)
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Act prohibits smoking in public places, which specifically includes “airports” and “public bus stands and ticketing centers.” Therefore, bus stations and train stations are smoke free. However, the Act allows a manager of an airport to designate a smoking area. The Tobacco Products Regulations specify that a designated smoking area in an airport should have ventilation for the direct exit of smoke, an automatic door that remains closed at all times, and as far as possible, have space for only one person. In addition, smoking areas should have no furniture. Because the law allows for smoking areas in airports, the regulatory status code “Smoking is Restricted” is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all public transport facilities, including airports. FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 24 provides that Parties have a continuous obligation to remove any exemptions as soon as possible, and each Party should strive to provide universal protection within five years of the WHO Framework Convention’s entry into force for that Party.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Nepal
Does the law require any outdoor or quasi-outdoor spaces to be smoke free or restrict smoking in any way?
Yes
Yes
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Nepal
Post signs
Yes
Yes
Analysis

Section 5 of the Tobacco Products Act imposes a duty on a manager to post signs indicating that “Smoking and consumption of tobacco products is prohibited.” The Regulations further specify that no-smoking signs must be posted at the main entrance door and on the inner door of public places. The sign at the main entrance must be 30cm by 20cm, and the sign on the inner door must be 20cm by 15cm. Signs must also be posted in smoking areas that state: “Smoking and consuming tobacco is injurious to health.” Examples of such signage should be made available on the government website.

Section 17(5)(a) of the Tobacco Products Act subjects violators to a fine of up to 5,000 rupees.

To fully align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should provide for a range of penalties, including license suspension or revocation, and should also provide for higher penalties for repeat violations.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Remove ashtrays
Yes
Yes
Analysis

The Tobacco Products Regulations impose a duty on business managers to remove items used for smoking, such as ashtrays, lighters and matches, from the premises. There is no specific fine for violating this provision; therefore, Section 17(5)(e) of the Tobacco Products Act applies, which imposes a fine of up to 5,000 rupees for violations of provisions that do not carry specific fines.

To fully align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should provide for a range of penalties, including license suspension or revocation, and should also provide for higher penalties for repeat violations.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Steps to require a person to stop smoking (e.g., warn, discontinue service, call authorities)
Yes
Yes
Analysis

Section 17(1)(a) of the Tobacco Products Act imposes a duty on the manager of a place to attempt to stop a person from smoking and to expel the person from the premises if the person continues to smoke. Section 17(5)(e) of the Tobacco Products Act imposes a fine of up to 5,000 rupees for violations by managers.

To fully align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should provide for a range of penalties, including license suspension or revocation, and should also provide for higher penalties for repeat violations.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not to smoke where prohibited
Yes
Yes
Analysis

Section 4(1) of the Tobacco Products Act imposes a duty on smokers not to smoke where prohibited. Under Section 17(1)(a) of the Act, a person who violates smoking provisions is subject to a fine of 100 rupees or may be expelled from a place, or both. The fine shall be deposited in a “revenue account.”

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to fines for smokers.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Other
Yes
Yes
Analysis

The law imposes a duty on managers not to smoke or consume tobacco where prohibited. If the duty is violated, the manager shall be “warned or departmental action taken pursuant to service laws.” Departmental action can be a warning letter, lack of promotion, reduction of salary, reduction of grade, or demotion in initial scale of salary.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in that it provides for administrative sanctions for managers who violate the law.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Nepal
Are sub-national jurisdictions permitted to have smoke-free laws?
No
No
Not Applicable
Not Applicable