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Term --FCTC-Based Definition Russia
Workplace View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, in which a person performs duties of employment or work, regardless of whether the work is done for compensation or on a voluntary basis, and includes private offices, common areas and any other area which generally is used or frequented during the course of employment or work. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 20)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “work place” contained in the Labour Code does not align with the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines. It is narrower and does not include all attached or associated places commonly used by the workers in the course of their employment. A definition of “workplace” should be provided in accordance with the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Transport View Definition

Any vehicle used for the carriage of members of the public, usually for reward or commercial gain. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 22)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The law does not define the term “public transport.” The lack of a definition for this key term could lead to difficulty in interpreting and/or enforcing the ban on smoking in public transport. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should provide a definition of "public transport" in accordance with the definition in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Second Hand Smoke (or similar term) View Definition

The smoke emitted from the burning end of a cigarette or from other tobacco products usually in combination with the smoke exhaled by the smoker. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 15)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “second hand tobacco smoke” in the law is comprehensive and incorporates the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines definition of the term.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Smoking or Smoke View Definition

Being in possession or control of a lit tobacco product regardless of whether the smoke is being actively inhaled or exhaled. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 17)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of "tobacco smoking" in the law is narrower than the definition in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines because it encompasses only the act of inhaling the tobacco product and not the act of being in possession or control of any lit tobacco product. Therefore, a definition of "smoking" should be provided in accordance with the definition contained in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Place View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, that is accessible to the general public or for collective use by the general public regardless of ownership or right of access. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 18)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The law does not define "public place." A definition of "public place" should be provided in accordance with the definition supplied by FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 18.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Tobacco Product View Definition

Any product entirely or partly made of the leaf tobacco as a raw material which is manufactured to be used for smoking, sucking, chewing, or snuffing. (FCTC Art. 1(f))

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The tobacco control law does not provide a specific definition of the term “tobacco product.” However, the law states that undefined concepts should use definitions from other sources of Russian law, including the FCTC and the Technical Regulations for Tobacco Products (Federal Law No. 268-FZ of December 22, 2008). The term “tobacco products” is defined in the Technical Regulations. This definition is identical to the definition of "tobacco product" provided in FCTC Art. 1(f).

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor or Enclosed View Definition

Any space covered by a roof or enclosed by one or more walls or sides, regardless of the type of material used for the roof, walls or sides, and regardless of whether the structure is permanent or temporary. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 19)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The law bans smoking in certain “territories” and “premises” of various places without using the terms “indoor” or “enclosed.” Although a definition may not be strictly necessary, having no definition may hamper application and implementation of FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

A definition of "indoor" or "enclosed" should be provided in accordance with the definition supplied by FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 19.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Russia
All indoor workplaces
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in all indoor workplaces and work zones. 

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to indoor workplaces.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All indoor public places
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in all indoor public places.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to indoor public places.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All public transport
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking on all public transportation, with the exception of long-distance passenger ships where smoking is permitted in designated smoking areas (in open air or in isolated rooms). 

The law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines because it provides an exception for long-distance ships.  To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should define “public transport” in accordance with the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines and provide that all public transport be 100% smoke free without exception.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Government facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking throughout premises occupied by state agencies or local self-government agencies, without exception. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in all government facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to government facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Private offices
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in workplaces and work zones.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to private offices.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hospitals
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking throughout premises and territories designated for the provision of medical, rehabilitation and spa services, without exception. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in hospitals.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to hospitals.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Residential healthcare facilities - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking throughout premises and territories designated for the provision of medical, rehabilitation and spa services, without exception. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in public areas of residential healthcare facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to public areas of residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Non-residential healthcare facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking throughout premises and territories designated for the provision of medical, rehabilitation and spa services, without exception. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in non-residential healthcare facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to non-residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Childcare facilities/preschools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in premises and territories designated for the provision of educational services, including preschools and childcare facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to preschools and childcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Primary and secondary schools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in premises and territories designated for the provision of educational services. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in primary and secondary schools.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to primary and secondary schools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Universities/vocational facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in premises and territories designated for the provision of educational services. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in universities and vocational facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to universities and vocational facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Shops
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in all indoor workplaces and work zones. Additionally, the law prohibits smoking in public services facilities, trade and public dining facilities, markets, and at mobile trade sites Taken together, these provisions are interpreted as covering all shops. Therefore, smoking in shops is prohibited.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to shops.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Cultural facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking throughout cultural facilities, without exception.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to cultural facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor stadium/arenas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking on the territories and in the premises of physical education and sports facilities, without exception. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in all indoor stadiums and arenas.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to indoor stadiums and arenas.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Restaurants
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

Smoking is prohibited in all public dining facilities without exception. Restaurants are included in this category.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to restaurants.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Bars/pubs/nightclubs
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in all public dining facilities, public service facilities, and trade facilities, without exception. Bars, pubs, and nightclubs are included in this category.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to bars, pubs, and nightclubs.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Casinos
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law does not address casinos specifically, but prohibits smoking in all indoor workplaces and work zones, social facilities, public dining facilities, public service facilities, and trade facilities. Taken together, these provisions are interpreted as covering casinos. Therefore, smoking in casinos is prohibited.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to casinos.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodging - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in all housing and hotel services and temporary accommodation facilities. Hotel common areas are such facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to public areas of hotels and other lodging.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodgings - guest rooms
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in all housing and hotel services and temporary accommodation facilities. Hotel guest rooms are such facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to guest rooms in hotels and other lodging.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Prisons/detention facilities - public areas
Uncertain
“Uncertain”: The smoke free status of the place is uncertain due to lack of clarity in the law or inability to obtain all relevant laws.
Analysis

The law grants the federal executive agency responsible for prisons the authority to protect prisoners from the effects of second hand smoke. Article 15 of the Internal Regulations of Correctional Institutions prohibits prisoners from smoking outside of designated smoking areas. Under the previous law, smoking was restricted to designated smoking areas. It is uncertain, however, whether the federal executive agency will continue to permit smoking in designated smoking areas. Therefore, the regulatory status of “Uncertain” is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should eliminate designated smoking areas and mandate that all indoor public places and workplaces, including public areas of prisons, be 100% smoke free without exception.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Trains, buses and other shared ground transportation other than taxis
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking on all types of urban and commuter public transport, including long-distance trains that provide passenger transportation services.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to trains, buses, and other shared ground transport. For greater clarity, the law should define the term “public transport” in accordance with the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Taxis (for-hire vehicle)
Uncertain
“Uncertain”: The smoke free status of the place is uncertain due to lack of clarity in the law or inability to obtain all relevant laws.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking on all types of urban and commuter public transport. However, it is not clear whether taxis would be included in the definition of urban and commuter public transport as these terms are undefined. Therefore, the regulatory status code “Uncertain” is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should define the term “public transport” in accordance with the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines and provide that all public transport be 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial aircraft
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in all aircraft, without exception.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to commercial aircraft.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial watercraft
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

Smoking is restricted to designated smoking areas – in the open air or in isolated rooms – on long-distance ships that provide transportation services.

The law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 or the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines because it permits smoking on some types of commercial watercraft. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking on all means of public transportation, including commercial watercraft without exception.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public transport facilities (waiting areas for mass transit)
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits smoking in public transport facilities and within fifteen meters of the entrances of such public transport facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to public transport facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Russia
Does the law require any outdoor or quasi-outdoor spaces to be smoke free or restrict smoking in any way?
Yes
Yes
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Russia
Post signs
Yes
Yes
Analysis

The law requires a sign at all places where smoking is prohibited. Ministry of Health Decree No. 214n prescribes the requirements, including the size and contents, of “No Smoking” signs. Signs must be placed at each entrance of a building where smoking is prohibited, in addition to being placed in common areas and bathrooms. In places of accommodation, signs must also be placed near the place of registration and on the door of or in the guest room. In places providing retail services, catering, and market facilities, additional signs must be placed near the bar and in halls (e.g., banquet halls), cabins, and rooms. Signs must be posted on the platform for trains and in the cabin for aircraft.

The law does not specifically identify the person(s) who has the duty to post signs where required. Individuals who do not comply with the signage requirements are subject to a fine of 10,000 to 20,000 rubles. Legal entities are subject to a fine of 30,000 to 60,000 rubles.

To fully align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should impose a duty to post clear signs on business owners, employers, and supervisors.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Remove ashtrays
No
No
Analysis

The law does not impose any duties on business owners to remove ashtrays.

The law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should impose a duty on business owners to remove any ashtrays from the premises. Additionally, the law should impose a penalty for violation of that duty.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Steps to require a person to stop smoking (e.g., warn, discontinue service, call authorities)
Yes
Yes
Analysis

The law requires individual entrepreneurs and legal entities to exercise control over compliance with the norms established to protect from exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke in their premises. This is interpreted as including the duty to take steps to require a person to stop smoking. Individuals in charge of the premises who fail to monitor compliance with the smoking ban are subject to a fine of 30,000 to 40,000 rubles. Legal entities are subject to a fine of 60,000 to 90,000 rubles.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to imposing a duty to take steps to require a person to stop smoking.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not to smoke where prohibited
Yes
Yes
Analysis

Individuals who smoke where prohibited are subject to fine of 500 to 1,500 rubles. Individuals who violate the smoking ban on playgrounds are subject to a fine of 2,000 to 3,000 rubles.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to imposing a duty not to smoke where prohibited.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Other
Yes
Yes
Analysis

Officials who fail to provide special places outdoors for smoking or designated smoking rooms (where permitted) that meet certain technical standards are subject to a fine of 20,000 to 30,000 rubles. Legal entities are subject to a fine of 50,000 to 80,000 rubles.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Russia
Are sub-national jurisdictions permitted to have smoke-free laws?
Yes
Yes
Not Applicable
Not Applicable