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Term --FCTC-Based Definition Malaysia
Workplace View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, in which a person performs duties of employment or work, regardless of whether the work is done for compensation or on a voluntary basis, and includes private offices, common areas and any other area which generally is used or frequented during the course of employment or work. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 20)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “place of work” provided in the Regulations (through Law 514) generally aligns with the definition of “workplace” contained in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines. However, the definition would be clearer if it specified that a workplace includes private offices, common areas and other places frequented during the course of employment, as well as specifying that the definition applies whether the work is done for compensation or on a voluntary basis.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Transport View Definition

Any vehicle used for the carriage of members of the public, usually for reward or commercial gain. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 22)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “public vehicle” aligns with the definition of “public transport” provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Second Hand Smoke (or similar term) View Definition

The smoke emitted from the burning end of a cigarette or from other tobacco products usually in combination with the smoke exhaled by the smoker. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 15)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The regulations do not contain a definition of “second hand smoke.” However, a definition is not strictly necessary because the law provides that “no person shall smoke” in specified places, rather than, for example, “no person shall be exposed to second hand smoke.”

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Smoking or Smoke View Definition

Being in possession or control of a lit tobacco product regardless of whether the smoke is being actively inhaled or exhaled. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 17)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of “smoking” in the regulations aligns with and is broader than the definition of “smoking” provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines because it specifically includes the use of heated and vaporized tobacco products.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Place View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, that is accessible to the general public or for collective use by the general public regardless of ownership or right of access. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 18)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The regulations do not contain a definition of “public place.” A definition is not strictly necessary for interpretation of the regulations because the regulations prohibit smoking in a specified list of places, rather than in indoor “public places.” However, to align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all indoor “public places” and therefore the law should contain a definition of “public place” in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Tobacco Product View Definition

Any product entirely or partly made of the leaf tobacco as a raw material which is manufactured to be used for smoking, sucking, chewing, or snuffing. (FCTC Art. 1(f))

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The regulations do not contain a definition of “tobacco product.” The lack of definition for this key term could hinder enforcement of the regulations. For example, the regulations prohibit “smoking” in specified places. “Smoking” is defined as inhaling and exhaling, or having control over, a lit “tobacco product.” The failure to define “tobacco product” could undermine application of this provision of the regulations.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor or Enclosed View Definition

Any space covered by a roof or enclosed by one or more walls or sides, regardless of the type of material used for the roof, walls or sides, and regardless of whether the structure is permanent or temporary. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 19)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The regulations do not contain a definition of “indoor” or “enclosed.” A definition is not strictly necessary for interpretation of the regulations because the regulations prohibit smoking in a specified list of places, rather than in “indoor public places and indoor workplaces.” However, to align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all “indoor public places and indoor workplaces” and therefore the law should contain a definition of “indoor” or “enclosed” in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Malaysia
All indoor workplaces
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

Smoking is prohibited in specified public places and workplaces listed in the regulations including, among others, in workplaces with a centralized air-conditioning system; health, education, government, and cultural facilities; and indoor stadiums. Regulation 11(1)(a) specifically excludes pubs, discotheques, nightclubs, and casinos from the smoking ban. In banks, financial institutions, National Telecom company, National Energy company, and post offices, smoking is prohibited only on floors with a service counter; implying that smoking is permitted on floors that contain offices but no service counters (provided those floors do not have centralized air-conditioning). Because smoking is permitted in many types of indoor workplaces, the regulatory status code “Smoking is Restricted” is assigned.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require all parts of all indoor workplaces to be 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All indoor public places
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in many public places, most of which are public places. However, Regulation 11(1)(a) specifically excludes pubs, discotheques, nightclubs, and casinos from the smoking ban. In banks, financial institutions, National Telecom company, National Energy company, and post offices, smoking is prohibited only on floors with a service counter; implying that smoking is permitted on floors that contain offices but no service counters. Because smoking is permitted in many types of indoor public places, the regulatory status code “Smoking is Restricted” is assigned.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should require all parts of all indoor public places to be 100% smoke free.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All public transport
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in any “public vehicle,” which is defined as “any vehicle which is carrying fare-paying passengers, that is being used on land, water or air.”

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to public transportation.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Government facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in any area of a government premise, including the area inside the building and the surrounding area up to the borders of the fence or lot. “Government premises” is defined as “any premises owned or occupied by the Federal Government or the State Government.”

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to government facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Private offices
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in indoor workplaces that have central air conditioning. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in some, but not all, private offices.

 To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all indoor private offices.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hospitals
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in hospitals and clinics, including the area inside the building and the surrounding area up to the borders of the fence or lot.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to hospitals.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Residential healthcare facilities - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in hospitals and clinics, including the area inside the building and the surrounding area up to the borders of the fence or lot. “Hospital” is defined as any building “used for lodging, treatment, and care of persons who require any form of health care services.” “Health care services,” in turn, is broadly defined as including, among other things, “(a) medical, dental, nursing, midwifery, allied health, pharmacy, and ambulance services and any other services provided by a health care professional; (b) accommodation for the purposes of any service provided by any hospital; . . . (g) and any health-related services.” This broad definition encompasses residential healthcare facilities, and therefore smoking is prohibited in public areas of residential healthcare facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to public areas of residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Non-residential healthcare facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in hospitals and clinics, including the area inside the building and the surrounding area up to the borders of the fence or lot. “Clinic” is broadly defined as “any building used by the Government, medical practitioner registered under the Medical Act 1971 [Act 50], dental practitioner registered under the Dental Act 1971 [Act 51], or any other person for the diagnosis or treatment of persons suffering from or believed to be suffering from any disease, injury or infirmity of body or mind.” Therefore, the law is interpreted as prohibiting smoking in all non-residential healthcare facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to non-residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Childcare facilities/preschools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in “any area of an educational institution” and “any area in a nursery,” including the area inside the building and the surrounding area up to the borders of the fence or lot. An “educational institution” is defined as including “kindergarten.” Therefore, the law is interpreted as prohibiting smoking in all childcare facilities (nurseries) and preschools (kindergartens).

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to childcare facilities and preschools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Primary and secondary schools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in “any area of an educational institution or higher educational institution,” including the area inside the building and the surrounding area up to the borders of the fence or lot. An “educational institution” is defined as “a school or any other place whether private or public where, in the carrying on of the work of an organization or institution, persons are habitually taught in one or more classes, including a kindergarten.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited in primary and secondary schools.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to primary and secondary schools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Universities/vocational facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in “any area of an educational institution or higher educational institution,” including the area inside the building and the surrounding area up to the borders of the fence or lot. A “higher educational institution” is defined as “an educational institution whether private or public which provides higher education leading to the award of a diploma, degree or the equivalent award, and a distance education center.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited in universities and vocational facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to universities and vocational facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Shops
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in “any area of a shopping complex” and in any air-conditioned shop. However, the regulations do not prohibit smoking in a non-air-conditioned shop. Therefore, the regulatory status code “Smoking is Restricted” is assigned.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all shops and stores, including in non-air-conditioned shops.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Cultural facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in any entertainment center, theater, library, and in “any area of a government premises.” With respect to libraries and government premises, this includes the area inside the building and the surrounding area up to the borders of the fence or lot. These categories cover virtually all cultural facilities. Therefore, the regulatory status code “100% Smoke Free” is assigned.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to cultural facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor stadium/arenas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in “any area of a stadium, sports complex, fitness center or gymnasium,” which includes the area inside the building and the surrounding area up to the borders of the fence or lot. Therefore, smoking is prohibited in all indoor stadiums and arenas.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to indoor stadiums and arenas.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Restaurants
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking within a three-meter radius from any table or chair at an eating place. An “eating place” is “any premise whether inside or outside a building, where food is prepared, served, or sold.”

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to restaurants.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Bars/pubs/nightclubs
Smoking is Not Restricted
“Smoking is Not Restricted”: Smoking is allowed throughout the entire premises of the specified place or category of places.
Analysis

The regulations exempt “any pub, discotheque, nightclub or casino” from the smoking ban. Therefore, smoking is allowed without restriction in these places.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of all bars, pubs and nightclubs.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Casinos
Smoking is Not Restricted
“Smoking is Not Restricted”: Smoking is allowed throughout the entire premises of the specified place or category of places.
Analysis

The regulations exempt “any pub, discotheque, nightclub or casino” from the smoking ban. Therefore, smoking is allowed without restriction in casinos.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of casinos.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodging - public areas
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The regulations do not specifically address public areas of hotels. Instead, smoking is restricted based on the function of the public area of a hotel. The Control of Tobacco Product (Amendment) Regulations 2018 prohibit smoking at an “eating place” and within a three-meter radius from any table or chair of an eating place. An “eating place” is “any premise whether inside or outside a building, where food is prepared, served, or sold.” Smoking is permitted (unrestricted) in pubs, discotheques, nightclubs and casinos, including those located in hotels.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all indoor workplaces and public places, including public areas of hotels.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodgings - guest rooms
Smoking is Not Restricted
“Smoking is Not Restricted”: Smoking is allowed throughout the entire premises of the specified place or category of places.
Analysis

The law does not prohibit or restrict smoking in guest rooms of hotels or other lodgings. In practice, hotels generally designated some rooms as “smoking” and others as “non-smoking.”

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in guest rooms of hotels and other lodgings, as these are workplaces for some people.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Prisons/detention facilities - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in “any area of a government premises,” including the area inside the building and the surrounding area up to the borders of the fence or lot. Because prisons and detention facilities are “government premises,” smoking is prohibited in public areas of prisons and detention facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to public areas of prisons and detention facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Trains, buses and other shared ground transportation other than taxis
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in any “public vehicle,” which is defined as “any vehicle which is carrying fare-paying passengers, that is being used on land, water or air.” In addition, the regulations were amended in 2018 to specifically prohibit smoking in any “eating place” which means “any room or area on a ship or train where food is prepared, served, or sold” and “any area on a vehicle where food is prepared, served or sold, and any surrounding area within a radius of three meters from the vehicle.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited on trains, buses, and other shared ground transportation other than taxis.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to trains, buses, and other shared ground transportation other than taxis.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Taxis (for-hire vehicle)
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in any “public vehicle,” which is defined as “any vehicle which is carrying fare-paying passengers, that is being used on land, water or air.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited in taxis.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to taxis.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial aircraft
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in any “public vehicle,” which is defined as “any vehicle which is carrying fare-paying passengers, that is being used on land, water or air.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited in commercial aircraft.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to commercial aircraft.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial watercraft
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The regulations prohibit smoking in any “public vehicle,” which is defined as “any vehicle which is carrying fare-paying passengers, that is being used on land, water or air.” Therefore, smoking is prohibited in commercial watercraft.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to commercial watercraft.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public transport facilities (waiting areas for mass transit)
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

Regulation 11 prohibits smoking in a “public transport terminal.” However, there is an exemption. Although the regulations also prohibit smoking in airports, Regulation 11(2) of the 2004 Regulations authorizes the Minister to approve any area, either permanently or for such period as he may determine, as a smoking area. Under this provision, the Minister has permitted designated smoking areas in airports.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of all public transport facilities, including airports.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Malaysia
Does the law require any outdoor or quasi-outdoor spaces to be smoke free or restrict smoking in any way?
Yes
Yes
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Malaysia
Post signs
Yes
Yes
Analysis

The regulations impose a duty upon the proprietor or occupier of a premise, or the proprietor of a public transport vehicle, to post a no-smoking sign. Persons who violate this provision are subject to a fine of up to three thousand (3,000) ringgit or imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to the duty to post no-smoking signs.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Remove ashtrays
No
No
Analysis

The law does not impose a duty to remove ashtrays. However, the law does impose a duty to ensure that no person smokes in a place where smoking is prohibited.

To fully align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should impose a duty on business owners and employers to remove ashtrays.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Steps to require a person to stop smoking (e.g., warn, discontinue service, call authorities)
Yes
Yes
Analysis

The regulations impose a duty upon the proprietor or occupier of a premise, or the proprietor of a public transport vehicle or place, to ensure that no person smokes in a no-smoking area. Persons who violate this provision are subject to a fine of up to five thousand (5,000) ringgit or imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year.

The law imposes a higher fine on persons who smoke in no-smoking areas than on business owners/operators who do not take steps to stop a person from smoking. The FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines state that “penalties should be sufficiently large to deter violations or else they may be ignored by violators or treated as mere costs of doing business. Larger penalties are required to deter business violators than to deter violations by individual smokers, who usually have fewer resources.” Therefore, to align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the drafters should consider imposing higher fines on business owners who do not take steps to prevent smoking on premises than on smokers who smoke in no-smoking areas. In addition, the law should provide for increased penalties for repeat violations.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not to smoke where prohibited
Yes
Yes
Analysis

For persons who smoke where smoking is prohibited, the regulations impose a fine not exceeding ten thousand (10,000) ringgit or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

The law imposes a higher fine on persons who smoke in no-smoking areas than on business owners/operators who do not take steps to stop a person from smoking. The FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines state that “penalties should be sufficiently large to deter violations or else they may be ignored by violators or treated as mere costs of doing business. Larger penalties are required to deter business violators than to deter violations by individual smokers, who usually have fewer resources.” Therefore, to align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the drafters should consider imposing higher fines on business owners who do not take steps to prevent smoking on premises than on smokers who smoke in no-smoking areas.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Other
No
No
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Malaysia
Are sub-national jurisdictions permitted to have smoke-free laws?
Yes
Yes
Not Applicable
Not Applicable