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Term --FCTC-Based Definition Laos
Workplace View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, in which a person performs duties of employment or work, regardless of whether the work is done for compensation or on a voluntary basis, and includes private offices, common areas and any other area which generally is used or frequented during the course of employment or work. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 20)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control does not contain a definition of "workplace." The law does not use the term "workplace" because it prohibits smoking in specified places. The failure to define and use this term may hinder implementation of the goals and obligations of FCTC Art. 8.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all indoor workplaces and contain a definition of "workplace" in accordance with the definition provided by the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Transport View Definition

Any vehicle used for the carriage of members of the public, usually for reward or commercial gain. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 22)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control does not contain a definition of "public transport." The law prohibits smoking on public transport and, therefore, the failure to define this key term may hinder enforcement of this provision.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should contain a definition of "public transport" in accordance with the definition provided by the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Second Hand Smoke (or similar term) View Definition

The smoke emitted from the burning end of a cigarette or from other tobacco products usually in combination with the smoke exhaled by the smoker. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 15)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The law contains a definition of "exposure to tobacco smoke" that aligns with the definition of the term "second hand smoke" provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Smoking or Smoke View Definition

Being in possession or control of a lit tobacco product regardless of whether the smoke is being actively inhaled or exhaled. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 17)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control does not contain a definition of "smoking" or "smoke." The law prohibits smoking in public places and other places, and, therefore, the failure to define this key term may hinder enforcement of these provisions.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should contain a definition of "smoking" or "smoke" in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Place View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, that is accessible to the general public or for collective use by the general public regardless of ownership or right of access. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 18)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control does not contain a definition of "public place." The law prohibits smoking in "public places and crowded places." Therefore, the failure to define this key term may hinder enforcement of the law.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should contain a definition of "public place" in accordance with the definition provided by the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Tobacco Product View Definition

Any product entirely or partly made of the leaf tobacco as a raw material which is manufactured to be used for smoking, sucking, chewing, or snuffing. (FCTC Art. 1(f))

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control contains definitions of "tobacco product" and "tobacco" that, taken together, align with the definition of "tobacco product" contained in FCTC Art. 1(f).

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor or Enclosed View Definition

Any space covered by a roof or enclosed by one or more walls or sides, regardless of the type of material used for the roof, walls or sides, and regardless of whether the structure is permanent or temporary. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 19)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of "indoors" contained in the law aligns with the definition of "indoors" provided by the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Laos
All indoor workplaces
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

All indoor workplaces are smoke free. The Law on Tobacco Control specifies some places where smoking is completely prohibited and other places where designated smoking areas are required. However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, all indoor workplaces are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 with respect to smoking in indoor workplaces.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All indoor public places
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

All indoor public places are smoke free. The Law on Tobacco Control specifies some places where smoking is completely prohibited and other places where designated smoking areas are required. However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore all indoor public places are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 with respect to smoking in indoor public places.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All public transport
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control prohibits smoking inside public transport on land, water, and air.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in public transport. However, to clarify the scope of the ban, the law should contain a definition of "public transport" in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Government facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in all state offices. However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, all government facilities are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in government facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Private offices
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in all "state and private offices." However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, private offices must be smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in private offices.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hospitals
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control completely prohibits smoking in all "health service facilities," which includes hospitals.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in hospitals.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Residential healthcare facilities - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control completely prohibits smoking in all "health service facilities," which includes residential healthcare facilities and their public areas.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in public areas of residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Non-residential healthcare facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control completely prohibits smoking in all "health service facilities," which includes non-residential healthcare facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in non-residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Childcare facilities/preschools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control completely prohibits smoking in all educational facilities. This is interpreted as including all childcare facilities and preschools.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in childcare facilities and preschools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Primary and secondary schools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control completely prohibits smoking in all educational facilities, which includes primary and secondary schools.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in primary and secondary schools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Universities/vocational facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control completely prohibits smoking in all educational facilities, which includes universities and vocational facilities.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in universities and vocational facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Shops
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in all "trade centers, department stores . . . and markets." However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, all shops are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in shops.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Cultural facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in all "public places and crowded places such as passenger waiting halls, sport practice places and stadiums, clubs, temples, churches and public parks." Although not specifically listed, "public places and crowded places" is interpreted as including cultural facilities. However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, all cultural facilities are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in cultural facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor stadium/arenas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in all "public places and crowded places such as . . . sport practice places and stadiums." However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, all indoors stadiums and arenas are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in indoor stadiums and arenas.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Restaurants
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in restaurants. However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, all indoor restaurants are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in restaurants.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Bars/pubs/nightclubs
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in "restaurants [and] entertainment venues." This provision is interpreted as including bars, pubs, and nightclubs. However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, all bars, pubs, and nightclub are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in bars, pubs, and nightclubs.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Casinos
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in "entertainment venues." This provision is interpreted as including casinos. However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, all casinos are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in casinos.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodging - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in "guesthouses [and] hotels." However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, all indoor public areas of hotels are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in public areas of hotels and lodging.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodgings - guest rooms
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in "guesthouses [and] hotels." However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, hotel guestrooms may not be designated as smoking areas and must be smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in guestrooms of hotels and lodging.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Prisons/detention facilities - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in all "state offices." This provision is interpreted as including all state-run prisons and detention facilities and their public areas. However, Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, public areas of prisons and detention facilities are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in public areas of prisons and detention facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Trains, buses and other shared ground transportation other than taxis
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control prohibits smoking inside public transport on land, water, and air. This is interpreted as including all trains, buses, and other shared ground transportation.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in trains, buses, and other shared ground transportation. However, to clarify the scope of the ban, the law should contain a definition of "public transport" in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Taxis (for-hire vehicle)
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control prohibits smoking inside public transport on land, water, and air. This is interpreted as including taxis.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in taxis. However, to clarify the scope of the ban, the law should contain a definition of "public transport" in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial aircraft
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control prohibits smoking inside public transport on land, water, and air. This provision includes commercial aircraft.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in commercial aircraft. However, to clarify the scope of the ban, the law should contain a definition of "public transport" in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial watercraft
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control prohibits smoking inside public transport on land, water, and air. This provision includes commercial watercraft.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in commercial watercraft. However, to clarify the scope of the ban, the law should contain a definition of "public transport" in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public transport facilities (waiting areas for mass transit)
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The Law on Tobacco Control requires designated smoking areas in all "public places and crowded places such as passenger waiting halls." However, Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, which implements the Law on Tobacco Control, clarifies that designated smoking areas must be outdoors and at least 10 meters away from doors and windows of the building. Therefore, indoor public transport facilities are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in public transport facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Laos
Does the law require any outdoor or quasi-outdoor spaces to be smoke free or restrict smoking in any way?
Yes
Yes
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Laos
Post signs
Yes
Yes
Analysis

Ministry of Health Agreement No. 1067, implementing the Tobacco Control Law, requires the posting of no-smoking signs in places where smoking is prohibited. Individuals who fail to post the required signs will be warned for a first offense, fined one million kip for a second offense, and fined two million kip for each subsequent offense.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in that it imposes increased penalties for repeat violations.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Remove ashtrays
No
No
Analysis

The law does not impose a duty upon business owners, employers, or supervisors to remove ashtrays in smoke free places.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should impose a duty upon business owners, employers, or supervisors to remove ashtrays in smoke free places and impose appropriate penalties for failure to do so.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Steps to require a person to stop smoking (e.g., warn, discontinue service, call authorities)
No
No
Analysis

Although there is no express duty imposed upon business owners, employers, or supervisors to take steps to require a person to stop smoking, the law does provide penalties for failure to stop a person from smoking where prohibited. Establishment owners will be warned for a first offense, fined one million kip for a second offense, and fined five million kip for each subsequent offense.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in that it imposes increased penalties for repeat violations.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not to smoke where prohibited
Yes
Yes
Analysis

Individuals who smoke where prohibited will be warned for a first offense, fined 200,000 kip for a second offense, and fined 400,000 kip for each subsequent offense.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines in that it imposes increased penalties for repeat violations.
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Other
No
No
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Laos
Are sub-national jurisdictions permitted to have smoke-free laws?
Yes
Yes
Not Applicable
Not Applicable