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Term --FCTC-Based Definition Kazakhstan
Workplace View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, in which a person performs duties of employment or work, regardless of whether the work is done for compensation or on a voluntary basis, and includes private offices, common areas and any other area which generally is used or frequented during the course of employment or work. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 20)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The Law on People's Health and Health Care System bans smoking in the "workplace". "Workplace", as used in the law, is defined in the Labor Code. The definition in the Labor Code is not as expensive as the definition of "workplace" provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines because it does not specifically encompass common areas in the workplace, such as lunchrooms, stairways, etc., but rather seems to cover only those areas where work is performed. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should contain a definition of "workplace" in accordance with the definition contained in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Transport View Definition

Any vehicle used for the carriage of members of the public, usually for reward or commercial gain. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 22)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The Law on People's Health and Health Care System does not contain a definition of "public transportation". The law does not use the term "public transportation", but rather bans or restricts smoking in certain enumerated types of public transportation. While a definition is not needed to interpret the law, the law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, because it does not prevent exposure to tobacco smoke in all indoor forms of public transportation. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all public transportation and contain a definition of "public transportation" in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Second Hand Smoke (or similar term) View Definition

The smoke emitted from the burning end of a cigarette or from other tobacco products usually in combination with the smoke exhaled by the smoker. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 15)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The law does not contain a definition of "second hand smoke". However a definition is not strictly necessary as the law prohibits or restricts "smoking' in certain enumerated places rather than prohibiting exposure to "second hand smoke".

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Smoking or Smoke View Definition

Being in possession or control of a lit tobacco product regardless of whether the smoke is being actively inhaled or exhaled. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 17)

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The Law on People's Health and Health Care does not contain a definition of "smoking" or "smoke". However, it does contain a definition of "consumption of tobacco products", which covers the action of smoking and may also include the action of chewing and snuffing. Although the definition covers the action of actively smoking, it does not cover the action of being in possession of a lit tobacco product regardless of whether it is being actively inhaled and exhaled. Therefore, although the definition of "consumption of tobacco products" may be more expansive than the definition of "smoking" in that it may cover oral use, the definition of "consumption of tobacco product" is also more restrictive than the definition of "smoking" because it does not cover possession of a lit tobacco product. This limitation may hinder enforcement of restrictions on smoking/consuming tobacco products in public places, workplaces and public transport. To more fully align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should contain a definition of "smoking" or "smoke" in accordance with the definition contained in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public Place View Definition

An area, permanent or temporary, that is accessible to the general public or for collective use by the general public regardless of ownership or right of access. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 18)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The Law on People's Health and Health Care System does not contain a definition of "public place". The law does not use the term "public place", but rather, bans or restricts smoking in certain enumerated public places. While a definition is not needed to interpret the law, the law does not align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, because it does not prevent exposure to tobacco smoke in all indoor public places. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all indoor public places and contain a definition of "public place" in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Tobacco Product View Definition

Any product entirely or partly made of the leaf tobacco as a raw material which is manufactured to be used for smoking, sucking, chewing, or snuffing. (FCTC Art. 1(f))

Defined
Yes
Analysis

The definition of "tobacco product" contained in the law aligns with the definition of "tobacco product" provided by the FCTC.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor or Enclosed View Definition

Any space covered by a roof or enclosed by one or more walls or sides, regardless of the type of material used for the roof, walls or sides, and regardless of whether the structure is permanent or temporary. (FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines para. 19)

Not Defined
No
Analysis

The Law on People's Health and Health Care System does not contain a definition of "indoor" or "enclosed", although smoking is restricted or banned in some indoor places. The lack of definition for this key term may hinder the implementation of Art. 159 of the law. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should contain a definition of "indoor" or "enclosed" in accordance with the definition provided in the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Kazakhstan
All indoor workplaces
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law generally prohibits all tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "workplaces". However smoking is specifically permitted in designated areas of public catering facilities, and "airports, rail, road and water stations." Because these places are workplaces for some people, the regulatory status "Smoking is Restricted" is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of all indoor workplaces and public places.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All indoor public places
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law completely prohibits all tobacco consumption, including smoking, in some public places, including education and health facilities, cultural facilities, exhibition halls, stadiums and arenas, nightclubs and discos, and government facilities. However, smoking is permitted in designated areas of public catering facilities, and "airports, rail, road and water stations." Therefore, the regulatory status "Smoking is Restricted" is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of all indoor workplaces and public places.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
All public transport
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

Tobacco consumption, including smoking, is prohibited in aircraft, on buses, minibuses, trolleys, taxis and urban rail transport. However, smoking is permitted in designated areas on long distance rail and watercraft.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of all public transport, including all rail and watercraft.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Government facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "state bodies and organizations", which is interpreted to include all government facilities. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in government facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Private offices
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law completely prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in workplaces. Therefore, smoking is not allowed in private offices. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in private offices.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hospitals
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in healthcare organizations, which includes hospitals. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in hospitals.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Residential healthcare facilities - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in healthcare organizations, which includes residential healthcare facilities and their public areas. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in public areas in residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Non-residential healthcare facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in healthcare organizations, which includes non-residential healthcare facilities. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in non-residential healthcare facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Childcare facilities/preschools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in educational organizations as well as organizations for the recreation of minors. This is interpreted as including all childcare facilities and preschools. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in childcare facilities and preschools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Primary and secondary schools
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in educational organizations, which includes primary and secondary schools. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in primary and secondary schools.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Universities/vocational facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in educational organizations, which includes universities and vocational facilities. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in universities and vocational facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Shops
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law does not specifically address smoking in shops. However, the law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "workplaces", which is defined to include places where a worker performs job duties in the course of employment. Due to this broad definition, the provision banning smoking in workplaces is interpreted to include shops. Therefore, shops are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in shops.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Cultural facilities
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "cinema, theater, circus, concert, viewing and exhibition halls" and "museums, libraries and lecture halls". This is interpreted as including all cultural facilities. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in cultural facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Indoor stadium/arenas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "sports arenas and other indoor facilities intended for public entertainment, including nightclubs, discos". This is interpreted as including all indoor stadiums and arenas. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in indoor stadiums and arenas.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Restaurants
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law permits smoking in specially designated areas of catering facilities, which includes restaurants. Specially designated areas must be equipped in accordance with sanitary-epidemiological regulations.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all indoor workplaces and public places, including restaurants.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Bars/pubs/nightclubs
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "indoor facilities intended for public entertainment, including nightclubs, discos". However, smoking is permitted in specially designated areas of public catering facilities. Therefore, if a bar or pub serves food, smoking is be permitted in specially designated areas. Because smoking is prohibited in nightclubs, but permitted in some areas in some bars and pubs, the regulatory status "Smoking is Restricted" is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of all indoor workplaces and public places, including bars, pubs and nightclubs.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Casinos
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "indoor facilities intended for public entertainment, including nightclubs, discos". If a casino is considered an entertainment facility, smoking is prohibited. However, if a casino serves food, smoking is be permitted in specially designated areas. Therefore, the regulatory status "Smoking is Restricted" is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of all indoor workplaces and public places, including casinos.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodging - public areas
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law does not specifically address smoking in hotels and other lodging. However, the law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "workplaces", which is defined to include places where a worker performs job duties in the course of employment. Due to this broad definition, the provision banning smoking in workplaces is interpreted to include hotels. Therefore, public areas of hotels are smoke free.

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in public areas of hotels.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Hotels/lodgings - guest rooms
Uncertain
“Uncertain”: The smoke free status of the place is uncertain due to lack of clarity in the law or inability to obtain all relevant laws.
Analysis

The law does not specifically address smoking in hotels and other lodging. However, the law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "workplaces", which is defined to include places where a worker performs job duties in the course of employment. Due to this broad definition, the provision banning smoking in workplaces is interpreted to include hotels. However, it is unclear whether guest rooms in hotels were meant to be included in the definition of workplace, therefore the regulatory status "Uncertain" is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should make clear that smoking is prohibited in all parts of all indoor workplaces and public places, including hotel guestrooms.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Prisons/detention facilities - public areas
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law does not address smoking in prisons and detention facilities. However, the law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "state bodies and organization". Therefore if a prison or detention facility is state-run, smoking is prohibited. Because smoking may be prohibited in some but not all prisons and detention facilities, the regulatory status "Smoking is Restricted" is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all parts of all indoor workplaces and public places, including public areas of prisons and detention facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Trains, buses and other shared ground transportation other than taxis
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in "buses, minibuses in the implementation of passenger traffic, trolley, taxi and urban rail transport". However, the law permits smoking in designated areas on long-distance trains. Therefore, the regulatory status "Smoking is Restricted" is given.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking on all public transport, including trains.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Taxis (for-hire vehicle)
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, in taxis. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in taxis.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial aircraft
100% Smoke Free
“100% Smoke Free”: 100% smoke free environment throughtout the entire premises of the listed place. "Smoking rooms" and "smoking areas" are not permitted.
Analysis

The law prohibits tobacco consumption, including smoking, on commercial aircraft. The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to smoking in commercial aircraft.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Commercial watercraft
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law permits smoking in designated areas on commercial watercraft. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking on all public transportation, including commercial watercraft.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Public transport facilities (waiting areas for mass transit)
Smoking is Restricted
“Smoking is Restricted”: Smoking is restricted in some way in the specified place or category of places. Restrictions could take one of the following forms: (1) smoking is restricted , under the national law, to “smoking rooms”, “smoking areas”, and/or during specified times in the specified place or category of places; (2) under the national law(s), smoking is restricted or prohibited in some types of places, within the category but not in all types of places within the category; or (3) where a country regulates public smoking primarily at the sub-national level, smoking is restricted or prohibited in the specified place or category of places in some sub-national jurisdictions but not in other sub-national jurisdictions.
Analysis

The law permits smoking in designated areas of "airports, road, rail and water stations". To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should prohibit smoking in all indoor workplaces and public places, including public transport facilities.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Kazakhstan
Does the law require any outdoor or quasi-outdoor spaces to be smoke free or restrict smoking in any way?
No
No
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Kazakhstan
Post signs
Yes
Yes
Analysis

The law requires that signs be posted in places where smoking is prohibited. The law does not specifically provide for a penalty for failure to post no-smoking signs where smoking is prohibited.

To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should impose a penalty upon business owners, employers and supervisors who fail to post no-smoking signs.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Remove ashtrays
No
No
Analysis

The law does not impose a duty on business owners, employers or supervisors to remove ashtrays. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should impose a duty upon business owners, employers or supervisors to remove ashtrays.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Steps to require a person to stop smoking (e.g., warn, discontinue service, call authorities)
No
No
Analysis

The law does not impose a duty on business owners, employers or supervisors to take steps to require a person to stop smoking. To align with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines, the law should impose a duty upon business owners, employers or supervisors to take steps to require a person to stop smoking in a no-smoking area.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not to smoke where prohibited
Yes
Yes
Analysis

The law imposes a duty upon smokers not to smoke where prohibited. Violators are subject to a fine of three "monthly calculation indices". For repeat offenses within one year, violators are subject to a fine of six monthly calculation indices. The current monthly calculation index is set at 2121 Tenge (equivalent to US $6.10).

The law aligns with FCTC Art. 8 and the FCTC Art. 8 Guidelines with respect to imposing a duty upon smokers not to smoke where smoking is prohibited.

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Other
Yes
Yes
Analysis

Duty to provide designated smoking areas in places where smoking is restricted -

Employers who fail to provide designated smoking areas are subject to a fine of 10 monthly calculation indices for individual employers, and up to 40 monthly calculation indices for legal entities. The current monthly calculation index is set at 2121 Tenge (equivalent to US $6.10).

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Kazakhstan
Are sub-national jurisdictions permitted to have smoke-free laws?
No
No
Not Applicable
Not Applicable