Country Details For
Eastern Mediterranean Region
South-East Asian Region
Western Pacific Region
Viet Nam became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on December 17, 2004.
Smoke Free Places: Smoking is banned on the entire indoor and outdoor premises of health facilities, educational facilities (other than universities, colleges, and academic institutes where smoking is prohibited indoors only), and childcare and entertainment areas designated for children. In other public places and workplaces, smoking is prohibited indoors, with the exception of airport waiting areas, bars, karaoke lounges, discos, hotels, and guesthouses, where rooms with ventilation for smoking can be designated.
Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship: Tobacco advertising and promotion, including direct marketing to consumers, are prohibited, with the exception of point of sale displays of tobacco products. Tobacco product displays are restricted to one pack, carton, or box of one cigarette brand. Tobacco businesses are allowed to conduct “philanthropy” sponsorship for hunger eradication and poverty reduction programs; prevention and control of natural disasters, epidemics, disasters; and for combating cigarette smuggling. These sponsorships cannot be publicized in the mass media. Other tobacco sponsorships are prohibited.
Tobacco Packaging and Labeling: Tobacco products must carry pictorial health warnings covering 50 percent of the front and back of unit and outside packaging and labeling. Six prescribed warnings must be concurrently displayed for a two-year period, after which the warnings must be changed. As of November 8, 2013, all packs of tobacco products are required to display the prescribed health warnings. The law does not distinguish between smoked and smokeless tobacco products with respect to health warnings requirements. The government is required to increase the size of warnings within a certain time period it deems “suitable”. As of the date of this review, the warning size increase and time period have not been specified. Misleading terms and “forms” are prohibited on tobacco products; however, an exemption applies to terms that comprise brand names registered as intellectual property prior to the effective date of the 2012 Tobacco Control Law.
Roadmap to Tobacco Control Legislation: In 2000, the Government of Viet Nam introduced its National Tobacco Control Policy in Government Resolution No. 12/2000/NQ-CP. This Resolution set out policy objectives on numerous aspects of tobacco control including, but not limited to: public education; prohibitions on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; health warnings; tax and price; smoking cessation; and restrictions on public smoking. To implement the National Tobacco Control Policy, the government issued a series of government decrees and Prime Ministerial Directives that both provided substantive regulation and elaborated frameworks and plans for implementing the FCTC. Over the years, protections gradually expanded and in 2012, the National Assembly enacted the comprehensive Law on Prevention and Control of Tobacco Harms, which significantly strengthened tobacco control policy in Viet Nam. To date, implementing regulations for the 2012 law have been promulgated only for packaging and labeling requirements, the 2013 Joint Circular on the Labeling, Printing the Health Warnings on the Packet of Tobacco Products. Sanctions for violations are provided in earlier enacted Government Decree No. 45/2005/ND-CP on Sanctions Imposed on Administrative Violations of Public Health and Decree No. 75/2010/ND-CP on Fining Violations in Cultural Sector.
This country’s legal measures were reviewed by our legal staff.
Policy Fact Sheets
Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship
Packaging and Labeling