Country Details For Thailand
Thailand became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on February 27, 2005.
Smoke Free Places: Smoking is prohibited in almost all indoor public places, indoor workplaces, and public transport. However, international airports may have designated smoking areas and hotels may permit smoking in guest rooms. Non-air conditioned facilities serving food and/or drinks are smoke free only in the areas where food and/or drinks are served. Smoking is prohibited in the following outdoor places: facilities for exercise, sports training, sports playing, and sports competitions of every kind, public parks, zoological parks, and amusement parks, children’s playgrounds, and markets.
Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship: The law imposes a ban on most forms of tobacco advertising and promotion. However, the prohibition does not apply to “live broadcast from abroad via radio or television” and “printed matters printed outside” Thailand. Tobacco product displays are banned except at duty-free shops for persons leaving Thailand. Although sponsorship by the tobacco industry is allowed, some forms of publicity of the sponsorship are prohibited.
Tobacco Packaging and Labeling: The law requires graphic health warnings on cigarettes, occupying 85 percent of the top of the front and back principal display areas. Health warnings also are required on loose tobacco (which is often blended and chewed). The law requires rotation by mandating that the warnings are changed after use on a certain number of tobacco product packages. Misleading packaging and labeling, including terms such as “light” and “low tar” and other signs, is prohibited.
Roadmap to Tobacco Control Legislation: In 1992, Thailand passed two main laws that govern tobacco control: 1) Tobacco Products Control Act, B.E. 2535, which governs packaging and labeling of tobacco products and tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; and 2) The Non-Smokers Health Protection Act, B.E. 2535, which governs public smoking. Pursuant to the Non-Smokers Health Protection Act, the Ministry of Public Health has issued numerous Notices increasingly prohibiting or restricting public smoking. The most recent notice - Ministry of Public Health Notice (Volume 19) of 2010 - prohibits smoking in all indoor public places, workplaces, and public transport and some outdoor places, with the sole exception of international airports, which have designated smoking areas.
Pursuant to the Tobacco Products Control Act, the Ministry of Public Health issued numerous Notices regulating packaging and labeling, including: 1) Ministry of Public Health Notice of Rules, Procedures, and Conditions for the Display and Content of Cigarette Labels, 2009 (now superseded); 2) Notification of the Ministry of Public Health (No. 10) B.E. 2549 (requiring toxic and carcinogenic emissions disclosure statements on cigarettes); 3) Notification of the Ministry of Public Health (No. 13) 2550 (regulating health warnings for cigars); 4) Notification of the Ministry of Public Health B.E.2550 (A.D. 2007) (regulating health warnings on loose tobacco); 5) Ministry of Public Health Notice (Volume 15, A.D. 2011) (prohibiting misleading statements); 6) Ministry of Public Health Notice (No. 16, 2011) (issuing statements on toxins and carcinogens to appear on the sides of packaging); and 7) Ministry of Public Health Notice of Rules, Procedures, and Conditions for the Display of Images, Warning Statements, and Contact Channels for Smoking Cessation on Cigarette Labels, 2013 (establishing new graphic health warnings and other packaging and labeling requirements).
Also pursuant to the Tobacco Products Control Act, the Ministry of Public Health issued the Directive Procedures for Distribution of Tobacco Products, which clarifies that the display of tobacco products at point of sale is prohibited, except at duty-free shops for persons leaving Thailand, under the ban on advertising, promotion and sponsorship.
This country’s legal measures were reviewed by our legal staff in consultation with in-country lawyers or tobacco control experts.