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Russia

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Introduction

Russia became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on June 3, 2008.

Smoke Free Places: In Russia, smoking is currently prohibited in many indoor workplaces, indoor public places, and public transport. Beginning June 2014, there will be a comprehensive ban on smoking in indoor workplaces, indoor public places, and public transport.  At that time, restaurants, bars, pubs, nightclubs, and hotels (both public areas and guest rooms) will be required to be 100% smoke free. The only exception to the otherwise comprehensive ban will be for long-distance passenger ships. Sub-national jurisdictions may enact more stringent laws than the national legislation.

Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship: All forms of domestic and cross-border tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship are prohibited, subject to a few exceptions. Point of sale product display is currently allowed but will be banned beginning in June 2014. In addition, the law restricts, but does not prohibit, promotional features that may appear on tobacco product packaging.

Tobacco Packaging and Labeling: In June 2010, Russia implemented regulations requiring health warnings on 30 percent of the front and 50 percent of the back of the pack. As of May 2013, the health warnings on the back of the pack are required to include pictures. Regulations allow misleading descriptors such as "light" and "low-tar," so long as the products contain a warning that such products are not less harmful to health. 

Roadmap to Tobacco Control Legislation: Federal Law No. 15-FZ of February 23, 2013 on Protecting the Health of Citizens from the Effects of Second Hand Tobacco Smoke and the Consequences of Tobacco Consumption is the primary law governing restrictions on smoking in public places and tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. The law repealed the previous omnibus legislation, Federal Law No. 87-FZ of July 10, 2001. Tobacco advertising and promotion is also regulated by Federal Law No. 38-FZ of March 13, 2006 on Advertising.

Federal Law No. 268-FZ of December 22, 2008 on Technical Regulations for Tobacco Products addresses many key tobacco control measures, including definitions of key terms; packaging and labeling of tobacco products; and compliance and enforcement. Under the Technical Regulations, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development issued Order No. 490N on May 5, 2012 mandating graphic health warnings on the backs of tobacco product packaging.

Several pieces of legislation supplement the smoke free provisions in Law No. 15-FZ.  First, the Labour Code, Law No. 197-FZ of December 30, 2001 provides the definition of “workplace,” one of the places where smoking is restricted under Law No. 15-FZ.  Second, the Administrative Offences Code, Law No. 195-FZ of December 30, 2001, identifies as offenses several violations of smoke free policies, establishes punishments for those violations, and designates the officials authorized to hear cases about these administrative offenses.  The Code was amended in November 2013 to establish the penalties for violations of Federal Law No. 15-FZ on tobacco control. Third, the Code of Conduct in Correctional Facilities, Ministry of Justice Order No. 205 of November 3, 2005, governs smoking in correctional facilities. Finally, Ministry of Health Order No. 340N establishes the requirements of "No Smoking" signs that must be displayed in smoke free places.

Review Status

This country’s legal measures were collaboratively reviewed by an in-country lawyer and our legal staff.

Last updated: December 31st 2013
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