Country Details For Romania
Romania became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on April 27, 2006.
Smoke Free Places: Smoking is prohibited on public transport and in nearly all indoor public places and indoor workplaces. The law provides for only two exceptions to the ban – for inmate cells in maximum security prisons and designated rooms in the transit areas of international airports.
Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship: The law prohibits most forms of direct advertising, including TV, radio, print media, and outdoor advertising. However, the law allows point of sale advertising. The law does not address tobacco promotion and, therefore, most forms of tobacco promotion are permitted. Tobacco sponsorship is prohibited for events or activities with cross-border effects, or which involve or take place in at least two member states of the European Union, one of which is Romania; events and activities intended for youth under 18 years of age; and events and activities that take place at medical facilities or at medico-pharmaceutical educational facilities. Tobacco sponsorship of other types of events or activities, including corporate social responsibility programs, is allowed.
Tobacco Packaging and Labeling: One of two general text warnings must cover at least 30 percent of the most visible surface of the tobacco product package. One of 14 additional “combined warnings”, containing text and pictures, must cover at least 40 percent of the other most visible surface of the tobacco product package. The combined warnings must be rotated in such a way as to ensure the regular display of each of the 14 additional combined warnings. There is one required text-only warning for smokeless tobacco products, which must cover at least 30 percent of the most visible display area. Misleading packaging and labeling, which could include terms such as “light” and “low tar” and other signs, is prohibited.
Roadmap to Tobacco Control Legislation: Law No. 349 of June 6, 2002 is the primary piece of legislation regulating smoking in public places and tobacco packaging and labeling. The law has been amended several times. The Ministry of Health issued Order No. 764 of June 15, 2004 under Law No. 349/2002. This Order sets out the size and format and other requirements for the “combined warning”, which is the text and pictorial warning required on all smoked tobacco products. Ministry of Health Order No. 572 of March 30, 2007 amends Ministry of Health Order No. 764/2004 to clarify that warnings must be applied to unit and outside packaging and labeling. Ministry of Health Order No. 618 of April 10, 2007 updates the content of the combined text/picture warnings. Law No. 457 of November 1, 2004 is the primary legislation governing tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. Law No. 504 of July 11, 2002, The Audiovisual Law, regulates audiovisual broadcasts in Romania. Pertinent to tobacco control, it prohibits any form of audiovisual commercial communication for tobacco products.
This country’s legal measures were reviewed by our legal staff. No in-country lawyers or tobacco control experts reviewed our analysis.