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Country Details For

Bangladesh

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Introduction

Bangladesh became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on June 14, 2004.

Smoke Free Places: Smoking is prohibited in certain public places and workplaces such as healthcare and educational facilities and on certain forms of public transport. The law, however, permits the establishment of smoking areas in many other public places and workplaces, including restaurants and hotels. Rules may restrict the form and location of these designated smoking areas, but have not yet been issued. Sub-national jurisdictions may have stricter smoke free policies.

Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship: Tobacco advertising is prohibited in all print and electronic media, including at point-of-sale. Free and discounted tobacco products are prohibited. Sponsorship is prohibited; however charitable donations are permitted so long as tobacco trademarks are not used. The display of tobacco usage in mass media is prohibited, unless essential to the story and accompanied by a warning on the harmful effects of tobacco products.

Tobacco Packaging and Labeling: Graphic health warnings are required to cover at least 50 percent of the main display areas of all tobacco products. The law provides six warnings for smoked products, and two warnings for smokeless products, but additional warnings may be included in the rules. Rules specifying the details of these warnings have not yet been issued. The law also prohibits any brand element on the pack that creates a false impression about the effects and risks on public health, including the use of the terms “light”, “mild”, “low-tar”, and “extra.” The law does not require additional qualitative statements on constituents and emissions.

Roadmap to Tobacco Control Legislation:  The Smoking and Tobacco Products Usage (Control) Act, 2005, as amended by the Smoking and Tobacco Products Usage (Control) (Amendment) Act, 2013, is the principal law governing tobacco control in Bangladesh.  The Act is comprehensive and covers smoke free policies; tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; and packaging and labeling of tobacco products, among other areas.  The Smoking and Using of Tobacco Products (Control) Rules, 2006 provide further guidance to the extent they do not contradict with provisions of the Act.  The 2005 Act was passed after Bangladesh became a party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, and was enacted as an addition to, not in derogation of, existing laws, at least to the extent that there were no contradictory provisions.  The non-exclusive list of existing legislation includes the Railways Act, 1890 (governing smoking in railway compartments) and the Juvenile Smoking Act, 1919 (governing the sale or distribution of tobacco products to minors under the age of 16).

Review Status

This country’s legal measures were reviewed by our legal staff in consultation with in-country lawyers or tobacco control experts.

Last updated: October 22nd 2013
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